"I shall be glad if you would tell me the method how and when to pull, preserve, sow, etc, the seed of the following forest trees: - Fraxinus excel-sior Aser psuedo-platanus, AEsculics hippocastanum, Alnns cordifolia, Crataegus oxyacemtha, Fagus sylvatica, Larix Furopcea, Picea amabilis, Pinus Austriaca, Ulmus campestris." - J. 0. G.

[Forest-tree seeds are gathered when they are ripe. Such as ripen late in the autumn should be well but slowly dried, and put away in bags till spring. The Fir tribe, such as the Larch, the Silver Fir, Cedar of Lebanon, etc., should be gathered about November or December, as the weather will permit. They should be laid in a warm room where brisk fires are kept. The heat will cause the scales to open, and let the seeds drop out. In obstinate cases it may be necessary to drive an iron peg down the centre of the cone, forcing it open to get out the seed. The Cedar of Lebanon has cones so hard and close, that it requires considerable force to get at the seed.

The seeds of Fraxinus excelsior, or common Ash, may be gathered as soon as the leaves fall off the trees, dried, and kept till spring, or they may be allowed to hang on till February, and then gathered and sown directly. The Mountain Ash bears, as is well known, red berries. They contain the seeds amongst the pulp. Gather them when ripe, crush the berries, and wash the pulp away in water, draining it through a sieve fine enough to retain the seed. Spread it on paper to dry, and then put it in paper, and keep it in a dry room. Sow in prepared ground in April. Acer pseudopla-tanus, the common Sycamore, ripens its seeds in July. They should be gathered then, and moderately dried, and kept in as cool and dry a room as possible; if warm and moist the seed will sprout and spoil. Sow in March. AEsculus hippocastanum, the common Horse Chestnut, ripens its nuts in October. They are enclosed in a prickly shell, which bursts naturally, and the nuts may be gathered easily. Cratceyus Oxyacantha, the Cockspur Thorn, ripens it seed in November and December. It should be treated the same as the common Thorn; that is, the berries or haws should be gathered about October, laid in a heap, and covered with soil for a year; then taken out of the soil and sown in either beds or rows (the latter is preferable,) and, they will come up the year following.

Fagus sylvatica, the common Beech, ripens its nuts in the autumn, and should be gathered as soon as they are ripe, or the squirrels and mice will destroy the best nuts, or conceal them for winter food. They should be gathered on a dry day, and placed in a dry room secure from vermin, till the sowing season arrives. That season is April, for if sowed sooner the late frosts will kill the young trees. The ground should be dug deep, and be well drained if necessary. It should be in good heart; that is, the year before it should have been under a crop of Potatoes, Turnips, Celery, or any other crop that requires well manuring! Then draw drills a foot apart, and one inch and a half deep. Sow rather thickly, for some may not grow.

Larix Europaa

Larix Europaa is the common Larch. I have already described how the seed should be gathered, cleaned, and preserved. To raise the plants it is needful to prepare the ground with great care. It should be ridged up in the autumn to receive the benefit of frosts, and be levelled down in the spring, chopping it very fine as the operation goes on; then towards the end of April, during dry weather, set out the beds three feet and a half wide, with two feet alleys between. Draw with a rake one inch of the soil into the walk, taking half the bed to one side and the other half to the other side; then sow the seed evenly over the bed, and cover it exactly half an inch deep; then level the surface with the back of the rake, and the operation is finished. Nursery laborers are very proud of their skill in this part of their business, and certainly some of them are very expert. The beds look so neat and tidy, that it is really a pleasure to view them.