Repeat the operation a few times, and you may easily have Peach trees the same year from stones sown in the spring. We have over a quarter of an acre on our Bethlehem road nursery, from seed sown this spring under the latter process. This mode of softening shells is adapted to any kind of hard, bony seed. The heat expands the pores, the moisture enters, and the work of a whole winter's freezing is effected in a few days.

There are many kinds of seeds which have not exactly "shells" for protection, but which nevertheless get pretty hard coverings, if once allowed to get dry. Many of the sterculiaceons and leguminous plants are of this description. I have seen, of the former tribe, seeds of the Hand-plant (Cheiroistemon platanoides) remain three years perfectly sound in a pot, resisting every attempt of change of heat and moisture to get them to germinate; when a simple soaking in boiling water for a few hours, on their arrival from Mexico, and for a few hours before sowing, would probably have caused them to spring up in as many days. Boiling water is very efficacious, poured over such seeds, and left thereon a few hours; or where there is any objection to the use of such hot assistants, though I have never found it to hurt anything, the seeds may be steeped for two or three days in cold water. I have raised Virgilea luteas from hard and dry seed in this manner in a few days, after being gathered ten months. Alkalies, acids, and various preparations, have also been used with various success in softening the integuments of seeds.

I do not myself value any of these means much, believing as I do that a proper and judicious employment of heat and moisture is abundantly sufficient for every purpose.

I think I could add much more of intereson this interesting subject, but the intense heat and my numerous engagements make me feel that I have said enough for once; and I venture a guess, on looking over my pages, that the editor himself recapitulating, that seeds may be preserved to any length of time, "safe and sound," by so regulating heat that it shall not abstract the moisture from the outer coat, and so regulating moisture that it shall not rot it; and that seeds may be made to grow at any time, by so gathering and preserving them that the outer covering never becomes absolutely hard; or, if once become hard, employing variations of heat and moisture to soften it.

Seeds #1

Ovoid, or conical, or scarcely compressed, hard, always unfurnished with wings.

Seeds #1

Slightly compressed, almost cork-like, always furnished with a membranous wing.

Lastly, if we compare the characteristics of vegetation, we shall find that the species of these two genera are very readily classified, and that botanists were correct in separating them generically.

Fructification is, undoubtedly, the most important of all characters in establishing the generic differences of plants, and that which leads to a most exact and critical classification. The Taxus adpressa (Fig. 3) is a manifest proof of the truth of this remark. Considered by some as belonging to the genus Cephalo-taxus, and, by others, as a Taxus, it, in this way, wandered between two genera, although intelligent horticulturists had practically recognized its relations with the common yew, of which, perhaps, it is only a peculiar form. This degree of affinity, or parentage, had been developed by engrafting. In fact, when the Cephah-taxus is engrafted on the Taxus, it either does not take, or if it does, languishes, and lives but a short time. But, if this pretended Cephah-taxus is inserted in a yew, it takes readily, and may flourish for years. This mark of organic affinity refers it most evidently to the Taxus, and the accompanying figure leaves no doubt on the subject; the Cephalo-taxus adpressa of our nurseries should, therefore, most certainly bear the name of Taxus. Carriers.

Fig. 3.

Seeds 110080

Seeds #2

There are numerous gardeners as well as amateurs all over the country who have no idea what to do with seeds when they get them. Of this a notable instance occurred some 30 years ago. A gentleman having given a cone of a new pine tree to his gardener, with orders to raise it, upon inquiring some months afterwards how many plants had come up, was told that none had been raised. "That is very extraordinary, for my neighbor, Mr. H -, has plenty of seedlings, and they are now potted off. Let me see what you have done." Imagine the surprise of the gentleman when upon examining the seedpot he found that his gardener had sown the cone! This happened 30 years ago, but we fear it is still possible to find people who would sow a pine cone.

Seed #3

The proper time to sow is from February to April (not in the fall), in pots or boxes, in light, sandy soil, and placed in gentle heat, about 60° Fahr. When sufficiently strong, prick out in boxes or seed-pans, about two inches apart, and place in a cool frame; inure them gradually to the open air, and plant out as recommended for plants from cuttings.

The following kinds are the most beautiful which have come under our notice; - we send by this day's mail a box of these flowers for your inspection:

1. Beauty Supreme - tube yellow, rose and white throat, fine.

2. Lutea Striata - white tube, yellow lip, beautifully striped with purple.

3. Quadrealis - white, yellow and purple, extra fine.

4. Maid of Athens - white tube, lip beautifully mottled with purple, white and carmine.

5. Village Bride - white, with yellow lip.

6. Cherub - white tube, yellow and lake lip.

7. Macbeth - Rich dark crimson, fine.

9. Anaxo - purple tube, orange and carmine lip.

10. Purity - fine, white.

11. Marion - scarlet, purple and crimson, with yellow lip.

12. Papilio - beautifully mottled with orange, red and purple.

13. Alice - white tube, striped with rose.

14. Agnes - white tube, lemon lip, beautifully striped with purple. 15. Belle of the Season - purple ground, mottled with white.

16. Spit-Fire - crimson scarlet, yellow lip, very large.

17. juucinda - light ground, beautifully striped with purple, large and fine.

18. Harlequin - tube white, lip bright, rosy, purple, yellow and white.

19. Norma - rosy purple, rich lemon lip, fine and distinct.

[The box containing these remarkably beautiful flowers was received in excellent order, making a fine exhibition of themselves alone. Mr. Barker, we anticipate, will have a good demand for such creditable novel ties. - Ed.H].

Seed #4

It is seldom that Camellias are propagated by seed, unless it is the wish to raise new varieties. The seed should be sown in seed-pans, in sandy peat, and with a good drainage, and placed in from 75° to 80° of heat.

The length of this article forbids me to enter into detail upon the merits of the different kinds. New ones are yearly added to the list, many of which are not so excellent as their predecessors. A good collection should not be without the following: Archduchess Augusta, Downing, Lady Hume's Blush, Alba Perfecta, Wilderii, Abbey Wilder, Imbricate, and Fimbriata.

[The Camellia grower will welcome the above from Mr. Carmiencke; it meets and provides for many difficulties met with in growing this popular plant. Another article, containing a description of the best varieties, would make the subject more perfect. - Ed].