Two year old trees are as large as any orchardist can safely select; if older, it is more than probable the trees will sacrifice a large portion of their roots in the ordeal of digging and transplanting. At two years, the nursery trees are stocky, have begun to form a good head, and their roots are not too large to be wasted in digging. They receive less check when put out in the orchard, and require less pruning, and are better prepared to commence a steady, onward growth. In many localities one year old trees are very suitable. A box containing 500 two year old trees will hold three times that number of one year old trees; hence, as the trees cost less, and the freight is so much less, there are many arguments in favor of their use. But they will not suffice for all sections. For instance, in the South, we think one year old trees are very unsuitable; two year old trees, we believe, will be far more successful. One year old trees, also, are very far from being of uniform growth in the nursery. Some years they are of splendid appearance; at other times they are small and spindling, and hence cannot be depended upon. Many varieties are slow growers in the nursery, and at one year of age are totally unfit for transplanting. It is absolutely money thrown away to plant such trees.

A safe guide will be for every orchardist to visit the nursery himself, and thus see every variety as it actually appears. We recommend no one to select one year old trees for the orchard of a less eight than three feet. We prefer budded trees to grafted ones, and they are well worth a difference of twenty-five per cent. higher price. Budded trees are of more rapid growth. A two year old budded tree put out at the same time with a two year old grafted tree, will, in five years' time, be fully fifty per cent. stronger, thriftier, larger and more productive. For other fruits than the Pear, we would select: Apples, two years old ; Peaches, one year; Cherries, one or two years ; Apricots, two years; Plums, two years.