The application of water to recently planted trees, requires discrimination. Where the soil has been prepared as formerly recommended, there will be no necessity for watering deciduous trees, unless they are growing luxuriantly, and the weather prove very dry. Evergreens have a greater extent of active foliage, and, in consequence, require a more regular and constant supply of moisture to meet the continued evaporation by the leaves. When water is applied, draw a little of the soil from the base of the plant, so as to form a small basin, and give a good soaking; then return the soil loosely into its former position. Mulching with stones is a good practice in deep soils; the heat they absorb draws up the moisture from below by capillary contraction, producing a somewhat different effect from a mulching of loose matter, as manure, Ac, which acts rather as a preventive from surface evaporation than furnishing the contained water in this available manner. The latter practice is perhaps the best in shallow ground.

Now is a good time to observe and take notes of the various effects of grouping trees and shrubs, and marking those for removal where they are crowded. Defects are more apparent now than when planting season arrives. Live fences, hedges of Osage orange, honey locust, etc, should be cut frequently during growth, if well established. The greatest fault of these fences, especially with the Osage orange, is its excessive growth. Summer pruning is the best means of counteracting this; if allowed to grow at random, and pruned only in winter, it will be impossible to keep a neat and satisfactory hedge. This will prove to be its greatest drawback as a fence for general farming purposes. All farmers cannot give proper attention to these matters while they are busily engaged with their crops.

Shrubbery And Pleasure Grounds 1100100