9. Cerasus Caroliniensis (The Carolinian) And C. Lusilanica (The Portugal Laurels)

Cerasus Caroliniensis (The Carolinian) And C. Lusilanica (The Portugal Laurels) are evergreen shrubs of the first order for the beauty of their berries. They are not hardy north of Philadelphia. They are very easily raised, either by seeds or cuttings, and grow to perfection only in a deep, rich loam.

10. Chionanthus Virginicus. White Fringe Tree

A shrub of the largest size, when full-grown, but it is one of comparatively slow progress, and keeps blooming as it grows. The foliage has something the appearance of the Magnolia glauca, and the fruit ripens in September. Each berry is about the size of an olive, and of deep, shining, purple color. Many trees do not bear, and others only imperfectly, in consequence of their frequently having imperfect flowers, for though it is classed, by botanists of the Linnaean school, with the perfect flowering plants, it is, in reality, polygamous, as much so as the Ash, to which it is very closely allied, and on which it may readily be grafted. The barren plants attain the largest size, and make the most beautiful objects when in bloom; but all who wish to enjoy the singular beauty of the large clusters of grape-like fruit, should be careful to propagate either by layers or by grafting from the best bearing varieties; for, although there is a tendency in all polygamous plants to change their sexual characters according to circumstances, yet there is, at the same time, a strong disposition in all plants to retain any peculiarity of character that may have marked the individual it was propagated from.

The White Fringe thrives well in any rich garden soil, and, if rather moist than otherwise, grows with greater advantage. The seeds are best sown as soon as ripe; if it is not possible to do so, they should be put in a box of sandy soil, and set out to freeze through the winter, and sown in the spring. It is nearly impossible to get these seeds to grow after once getting dry, unless they are subjected to the action of frost.

11. Colutea Arborescent. Bladder Senna

This is a very handsome shrub, and though a native of Southern Europe, is perfectly hardy in this country. It grows about five or six feet high, and is chiefly desirable for its pretty orange-colored, pea-shaped blossoms, which are produced throughout the summer. These are succeeded by very curious, bladdery fruit, which, if they may not be called handsome, are, at least, highly interesting. The plant will do well in any soil or situation, but is seen in perfection only in dry, rich soils, and well exposed to the sun. It is propagated from seeds sown in fall or spring, which grow very readily.

12. Cornus. The Dogwood

Though one kind (C. florida) is esteemed for its handsome floral leaves, and one or two others for peculiarities in the color of their wood or foliage, the whole genus may be said to derive their chief value in the decoration for lawns and pleasure grounds, from their beautiful fruit. Two well-known kinds have white fruit - Cornus alba, a dwarf shrub, with large clusters, and C. paniculata, with smaller ones. The last grows about five feet high, and does well only in very rich soil, and a situation fully exposed, C. alternifolia is a large shrub, with purple berries; C. stricta and C. suesica, pale blue; C. florida, bright red. But the handsomest of all, I think, is C. mas, or mascula, as it is sometimes called. When full-grown and full-fruited, I doubt whether there is any plant superior to it in beauty. Its common name is Cornelian Cherry, and its fine large fruit, of a transparent coral, is well described by its name. It is a shrub of the largest size, and, to be grown in perfection, should have a dry, rich garden soil, and a full exposure. The best way of raising all the species, is from seed sown as soon as ripe, or treated as recommended for Chionanthns. They can be raised from cuttings by experienced hands, but they do not root as readily as many other things.

They succeed well by layers.

13. Cotoneaster

A genua of, for the most part, evergreen shrubs, all of which have very handsome scarlet-red or brown fruit. The best known is C. microphylla, which, though, I believe, perfectly hardy in most of our northern States, when growing in a north aspect, are liable to be destroyed by exposure to the winter's sun. It is said that, in some countries, in its abhorrence of snn-light, it always attempts to grow to the north, but I am not able to say whether it retains that disposition here. It is fond of a dry, stony sil; is propagated the most readily by layers. Some other species are becoming better known (as C. marginata, C. dentata, etc.); not very marked in their differences from the first, but may be, perhaps, better adapted to our climate on trial. [These beautiful plants we have found difficult to preserve for many years in succession, though they thrive for one or two. The microphylla is often represented in the best engravings as covering the walls of a house with its delicate leaves and spray.

Wherever it is hardy it is most desirable. - Ed].

14. Oratagus. The Hawthorns

These are all well known. The two handsomest for their fruit are, I think, C. cordata (the Washington Thorn) and C. oxyacantha (the English Hawthorn.) The C coccinea has large, handsome fruit, of a deep color, but not produced in such profusion as in the other two. C. cordata bears its fruit nearly in clusters; they are but of medium size. C. oxyacantha does not bear them in such large clusters; indeed, they are rather isolated, usually, but they completely cover the bush when well grown. They remain on long after the leaves have fallen, and serve to lessen the period between winter and spring more than any other plant. They are raised from seeds, which, for the most part, lie two years in the ground before growing. Crataegus Pyracantha, or Evergreen Thorn, must not be forgotten. Mr. Buist thus writes of it: " There is not a more beautiful plant during our autumn and winter months, neither is there a more neglected one. Thickly studded with its beautiful coral berries, it forms a very attractive bush or pillar." It is very easy to raise from layers as well as by seeds sown as soon as ripe, or in spring.

They do not take so long to germinate as other species of ratcegus.

15. Dirca Palustris. Leather Wood

This is a small shrub, belonging to the Daphne family of plants, seldom exceeding two feet high. It is a peculiar-looking plant, growing in the shape of a round, formal, stiff head, when fully exposed, and bearing, in the summer, a quantity of small berries, of a pale salmon color. It will grow well in a dry soil, but bears its berries only in a moist situation. It takes its common name from the toughness of its young wood, which may be knotted up like twine without breaking.

16. Elaagnus Hortensis

This beautiful shrub is supposed to be tender. In this latitude, it is perfectly hardy, and, in the late fall months, produces its beautiful, shining, black berries quite abundantly, making a pretty contrast with its silvered foliage. It is rather a full-sized shrub, and grows well in any dry garden soil, and is increased either by seeds or layers. There are many other species of Elaagnus, but I have never seen them bear much fruit, nor do I think many others have, as an old writer, speaking of E. crispa, says: "A very vigorous shrub, which brings forth long branches, used to nail up and cover the walls".

17. Euonymus. Spindle Trees

Well-known plants all over the world, and much valued; E. Europaeus is the commonest. The color of the fruit varies from seed. They are usually of a pink color, but occasionally are of a bright scarlet. There is another variety quite white. The E. atropurpurea has purplish foliage, much larger than the last. The fruit very much resembles, indeed, can only be distinguished by the footstalks; or pedicels, being pink like the fruit; while, in the E. Europas, they are green. Some consider it only a permanent variety of the E. Europaeus. E. Americanus is a low bush; the leaves are very nearly evergreen, and the fruit a brilliant scarlet - so much so, as to have earned for the plant the name of " Burning Bush." They are all very easily propagated by seeds sown either in the fall or spring, or by cuttings of the roots. They are very accommodating in their desires, being equally well satisfied with dry or moist soils, shaded or exposed situations. [Mr. Meehan has done a service by collecting and describing so desirable a class of plants.

The continuation shall be given in our next. - Ed].

17 Euonymus Spindle Trees 120096