This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Almost any ground that will bring good corn or wheat, and is well drained, either naturally or artificially, is good for strawberries. Corn that has been well tilled the year previous, is an excellent preparation for them, as grass and weeds are less troublesome after corn than most other crops. The ground should be well ploughed and harrowed smooth, and marked out with small plough the desired distance, according to the variety and mode of culture. A very common mode is to open the furrows five feet apart, and spread manure or compost along them, and plant early corn, one grain in a place, fifteen inches apart, and a strawberry plant alternately between the corn. In that way the strawberries get but little culture, except while dressing the corn, which being cut for market early, usually brings from fifty to seventy-five dollars per acre; and the strawberries will spread sufficiently to form good beds for fruiting the next year.
Another plan that has given good satisfaction with me, is to open furrows two and a-half feet apart, and spread a preparation of equal parts of marl, ashes and ground bone along the furrows, after it has been mixed and incorporated together for ten days or two weeks, until the heat generated by the action of the ashes and marl has mellowed and softened the bone, so that the particles will crumble like chalk when rubbed between the thumb and fingers. Using one ton of the ground bone and the same quantity each of ashes and marl on five acres, will give a vigorous growth of dark green foliage to the strawberries.