An Orchard Saved By Mulching

Ed. Western Horticulturist: - A few notes from this quarter of the State may be of interest. Most of the bearing apple trees in this region were badly injured by the last winter, or killed outright. On the " bottom " or valley lands, the destruction has been much the greatest, on the prairie very considerable, and on timber lands, with clay subsoil, least. Trees that bore fruit last year (1872) appear to have suffered most. Trees which have been most neglected, and which have borne but little fruit, on timber and prairie lands, are the least injured.

Few people hereabouts pay any regard to mulching their orchard trees. I have found one orchard of apple trees on a steep slope to the east, which have been carefully cultivated and thoroughly pruned, that are in perfect condition - all, excepting two trees, which are nearly dead. The owner told me that the trees were all well mulched last fall, except the two dying ones - that they had only a few potato vines thrown about the roots. He said the mulching saved the trees. He mulches in the fall, removes it in the spring and cultivates the ground.

This orchard is the healthiest I have seen The young orchards have suffered much less than those previously in bearing, and those most protected from the west and north winds - other conditions being equal - are least injured. But on the rich valley lands, although protected by high bluffs, large, fine trees, which have borne well before, have succumbed, like the grass of the valley. Tetofski, Duchess Oldenburg, Haas, St. Lawrence and Fameuse went through the frosty ordeal best. J. Alden Winter. Village Creek, Alamakee Co., la.