This pear has for some years past attracted considerable attention in Western New York. It has been brought into the Rochester market, from the neighboring town of Penfield, and sold sometimes as Brown Beurre, and at other times as Oswego Beurre. Nearly all that have been brought in every year, have been purchased by one gentleman, at much above the usual price for the best varieties, because he esteemed it the best pear he ever saw or had on his table; and this gentleman is familiar with the Seckel, White Doyenne, and other pears of the highest quality. In 1849 it was exhibited at Syracuse before the pomological society, and an interest was then awakened in regard to it that disclosed its history and origin. Mr. Hovey saw it at that time, and made some investigations in regard to it, and in June, 1851, gave a description and account of it in his Magazine. In that account he says that "no American pear, unless we except the Swarfs Orange, or we might almost say any variety which has yet been raised, is destined to take a higher rank than the Sheldon" Its origin is similar to that of nearly all our native varieties, the work of mere accident A few seeds are brought from the eastern States and sowed along a fence; three or four trees spring up, and in time produce fruit, among which the Sheldon has been discovered.

But what is most remarkable about it, and almost incredible, is that three trees, all from seed, should produce exactly the same fruit, or fruit with scarcely perceptible variation. There is something about this that remains to be cleared up. Our neighbor, Mr. H. E. Hooker, of the Rochester Commercial Nurseries, who is a close and accurate observer, recently visited the original trees while in bearing, and about the time of maturity of the fruit, and has kindly communicated the following observations:

* See Frontispiece.

"1 do not feel satisfied now to express how highly I esteem the Sheldon pear, lest future observation and experience should not confirm the very favorable opinion which I have formed, from seeing it under favorable circumstances and for but a few seasons. If, however, it shall be found uniformly as fine as the specimens which have thus far come under my observation, it will, beyond question, rank with our best.

" For four or five years past, I have been aware that there was a pear cultivated in the town of Penfield, and very highly spoken of by good judges of fruit. Its name was unknown, and the locality from which it came* not distinctly settled. It was known, however, that the scions had been procured from east of us - near Oswego, it was supposed. This led some persons to suppose it the Oswego Beurre, and it has been so called, and colored under that name, at Buffalo. It is, however, quite distinct from that variety, although it resembles it somewhat in its habit of growth, wood, and foliage; but it will not work on the quince stock, while the Oswego does quite well.

"After the appearance of Mr. Hovey's description and figure of the Sheldon, I was satisfied that the Penfield pear was the same variety, and the past autumn I visited the residence of Mr. Sheldon to see the original Sheldon trees. Much to my disappointment, I did not find Mr. S. at home, but was kindly furnished with some specimens by his wife, who corroborated the published statement as to the planting of a row of pear trees, raised from seed brought from the eastern part of the State, along the line of a fence which has since been removed.

"I found three trees which gave no indications of having been worked. All are so clean and smooth that only one very small shoot could be found springing from below or about the collar. This had the characteristic leaf and wood of all the old trees, which do not seem to differ in their habit of growth - vigorous and tolerably upright. The fruit from these trees was so nearly alike that it might all pass as the product of one; but as a whole, the fruit of one was larger and more highly colored, having frequently a red cheek or blush; still, even this difference was not greater than is sometimes seen on different trees of the same variety. I marked specimens from the different trees, 1, 2, 8, and took pains to secure some small ones to ascertain their value, and have ripened most of them, and distributed others. They have, so for as I know, all proved fine, even the imperfect ones, which last I esteem a very desirable trait - if it is a trait - so many of our pears fail in this respect. As I expected, the fruit from No. 1 was best; but the others were so nearly equal, and so similar in flavor, that I feel quite disposed to doubt their seedling origin and hold to the belief that nature has not gone so far out of her usual course as to produce several such excellent fruits from so small a number of seeds, and these all alike; besides, there is said to be more in the vicinity, from the same lot, just as good and just like them, ripening at the same period, and all large, bearing trees, producing from six to twelve bushels of fruit each.

This is hard to believe, even with good evidence.

"My observation of these bearing trees led me to form a very favorable opinion of its vigor, hardiness, and productiveness; and as I am partial to its high flavor, and exceeding juiceness, you may suppose that I hope to see it fairly proved and generally known".

Our opinion, as to the quality of this variety, coincides with that of Mr. Hooker. If it prove as fine always, and in other places, as we have so far seen it here, it will rank as "best." It has been pretty widely disseminated for trial and we hope soon to hear a good account of it.

Fruit - medium, or rather above medium size; the outline, and engraving, are from average specimens. Form - generally roundish, but varying much; sometimes quite round, others obovate or inclining to oval; some taper to a point at the stalk, and others are as broad at the stalk as at the eye. Stalk - short, sometimes set on the surface, but generally sunk slightly, as in the outline. Calyx - medium size, in a smooth, round, rather shallow basin. Skin - smooth, usually of a greenish russet; some specimens are tinted with light red on the sunny side, some slightly bronzed, and others without any color. Mr. Hooker found all on one tree colored, and the specimen from which our colored drawing was taken, had, as represented, a rich dash of red on the sunny side. Flesh - remarkably melting and juicy, sugary and rich, with a sprightly and peculiar flavor that is totally distinct from all other pears we have tasted. It is rather gritty at the core, and ripens and keeps remarkably well in the house.

Tree - erect in its habit, with light yellowish shoots and prominent buds, much like the wood of the Oswego Beurre, It is hardy and a good bearer, but so far has not succeeded well on the quince.



The Sheldon Pear #1

We received from Mr. W. S. Verplanck, of Geneva, N. Y., a box containing some samples of new seedling pears under this name. They were, as we learn, the product of several trees, all seedlings, bearing the strongest resemblance to each other, and all raised from seeds brought by Mr. Sheldon Wayne co., from the farm of Judge Johnson, Dutchess county, N. Y. The form and size much like that of the Doyenne or Virgalicu

(which was probably the parent,) but with more of the flavor of the Brown Bearre, and a good deal of the russety greenish yellow skin of the latter pear. The flavor is something between the two first - andso for as we could judge from the product of a single season, is likely to take rank as a " very good" pear. The tree is said to resemble the Virgalicu in its growth. We shall hope to examine this variety next year, and report more fully upon it.