This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The winter Apples of 1854 have generally been very good and choice. The country has been thoroughly canvassed for what are left up to this writing, (April 16th,) and Roxbury Russets, the most plentiful, are taken readily at three dollars per barrel A dealer told me he was to pay one farmer $1200 for 400 barrels of them of his own raising. Wheat at $2,50, the ruling price, cannot pay better.
The Esopus Spitzenburgh, Baldwin, and Rhode Island Greening, have been good, but are taken in the fall for shipment The few left as sold by fruiterers, I have noticed to be very fair and well flavored.
The Canada Red and Northern Spy have never been better. The last named I have seen brought in from different sources, and they are not only choice but very beautiful I have never seen finer specimens than a parcel which a dealer obtained to retail from. They were enormous in size, high colored, and as fresh and juicy as any harvest Apple. I inquired of the growers of them as to the fruitfulness of the tree, and one answered that it is only every other year that a fall crop can be expected ; others, that every year their trees bear.
High culture is necessary, and the same care will give a greater crop on all other trees. One person told me that he knew of a cultivator of the Spy who put on a plentiful top-dressing of stable manure, and the effect was that the next season his trees were loaded with high-colored and large Apples, bending the branches to the ground. A large supply I find are brought to market every season, and this day the price asked by those who have them for sale, is eight dollar* per barrel, which is the only objection to be found to the Spy, J. H. Watts. - Rochester, N. Y.