Having already shown the difficulty of adapting either the Grecian or Gothic styles to the character of an English residence, this newly discovered style of architecture seems to present a new expedient for the purpose, in the forms made known to this country by the accurate designs of Mr. Thomas Daniell, and other artists, which have opened new sources of grace and beauty.

"To the materials of wood and stone we have lately added that of cast-iron, unknown in former times, either in Grecian or Gothic architecture, and which is peculiarly adapted to some light parts of the Indian style.

"In Grecian architecture, the artist is confined to five (or, rather, only to three) different orders of columns, so restricted in their relative proportions that they are seldom used externally, with good effect, in modern houses, and are generally found too bulky for internal use. Indian architecture presents an endless variety of forms and proportions of pillars, from the ponderous supports of the cavern, to the light, airy shafts which enrich their corridors, or support their verandas. This alone would justify the attempt to adapt a style, untried, for the purpose to which other styles have been found inapplicable or inadequate.

"It is difficult for an artist at once to divest himself of forms he has long studied. This will account for the confusion of Grecian and Gothic in the works of John of Padua, Inigo Jones, and others, about the same date, which occasioned that mixture of style, condemned in after-times for the reasons already assigned. The same thing may be observed in the first introduction of Gothic, mixed with the Saxon and Norman which preceded it: and the same will, doubtless, happen in many instances, during the introductory application of Indian architecture to English uses, while a false taste will both admire and condemn, without any true standard, the various forms of novelty.

"If I might humbly venture to suggest an opinion on the subject, I should recomto those either of the Grecian or Gothic style, with which they are liable to be compared. If the pillars resemble Grecian columns [compare fig. 6 with fig. 7], or if the apertures resemble Gothic arches, they will offend, by seeming to be incorrect specimens of well-known forms, and create a mixed style, as disgusting to the classic observer as the mixture in Queen Elizabeth's Gothic. But if, from the best models of Indian structures, such parts only be selected as can not be compared with any known style of English buildings. even those whom novelty can not delight. will have little cause to regret the introduction of new beauties. Without strictly copying either the mosques, or the mausoleums, or the serais, or the hill-funs, or the excavations of the east, the moat varied and graceful forms should be selected, with such combinations, or even occasional deviations and improvement, as the general character And principles of construction will admit; for which purpose the specimens [see figs, 6 and 7] are submitted for consideration as general hints, rathtr than as finished designs.

Imaginary sketch, exhibiting the principle of perpendicular pressure In the artificial faults.

Fig. 5. Imaginary sketch, exhibiting the principle of perpendicular pressure In the artificial faults made in the native rock in India, and also in the arches of buildings in the Indian style.

From an endless variety of columns used In Hindoo architecture.

Fig. 6. From an endless variety of columns used In Hindoo architecture, the above few examples are Inserted, that their relative proportions may be compared or contrasted with those of the orders to which Grecian architecture Is necessarily confined.

Specimens of columns of the different orders of Grecian architecture.

Fig. 7. Specimens of columns of the different orders of Grecian architecture, given with a view of facilitating the comparison between them and the Hindoo buildings.

Application Of Indian Architecture 400144