This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Have looked carefully at this matter of the Vergooleose; and from all that I have seen should say, that it cracks less in light than in heavy soils. Knew one orchard of standards, planted in a clayey soil, which, although easily drained, had produced hardly a perfect specimen in the whole orchard. In a location not fifty rods distant, upon soil a little heavier, this fruit was badly spotted; while upo a sandy portion of this same orchard, i was not cracked at all. The dwarf Vergouleuse did not spot as badly as the standards. Would confirm what Mr. Lay has said. Belle Lucrative is a most splendid pear. What Mr. Barr says, as to good cultivation, but not too rich soil, is exactly my experience. Once saw a man who wanted to have his trees grow finely, put a wagon-load of manure around each tree, enough to kill any tree, and then complain that dwarf pear-trees would not succeed well with him.
Mr. Barry here again remarked, in regard to the differences in soils, his land is a sandy loam, and the variations in the different parts of the plantation are, where the clay or the sand predominates. Sandy soils are very fertile; but the pear will not hold out in them for more than eight or ten years. The pear needs a good loam.
It is not safe to draw conclusions from one or two cases as to the causes of Vergouleose cracking or spotting. Two years ago, the only place where it was found was the heavy soil. Thinks the spotting upon the fruit is a fungous growth, depending upon atmospheric causes. Last year oar Vergouleuse did not crock at all, but spotted badly. These spots developed their fungous growth in the barrels, while on the way to market; and the fruit was worthless on reaching its destination.
The Vergouleuse is fairer because of its ripening at a time when few competing fruits are in market, and there is a great demand for fine specimens.
Mr. Ellwanger spoke of Stevens's Genesee Pear as being this year extremely fine; stating that for market no variety will bring a higher price, when well grown and well ripened. It is a truly beautiful fruit, although its flavor is perhaps not quite so fine as the Bartlett. Spoke of the Vicar of Winkfield as being variable in the character of the fruit, according to the seasons. It has one desirability, that of durability upon the quince stock, keeping up its vigor well. Our trees twelve to fifteen years old, bear annually very fine crops. The American Pomological Society, which had previously placed the Vicar on the rejected list because it rotted at the core before ripe, has this year taken it from that list.
Mr. Hoag spoke of Stevens's Genesee as having done very well indeed this season. The fruit seemed sometimes a little variable; but that was because of the too late picking. It should be picked early, as soon as it gives indications of a change in color.