The French government has given orders for the introduction of one of our native oil-bearing plants, the usefulness of which we appear to have ignored, though it has long been known and described by botanists. The Pyrularia Oleifera, the O. pubera of Michaux, and the Hamiltoria oleifera of Muhlenburg, grows on the rich wooded banks of the mountains of Pennsylvania, and southward throughout and near the Alle-ghanies. "Leaves obovate-oblong, pointed at both ends, a little downy, or at length smooth, somewhat succulent, oily, acrid to the taste. Spikes ripening but one fruit, which is about 1° long." Gray. The fruit is fleshy, drupe-like, and pear-shaped. The name Pyrularia is from Pyrus, from the fruit, which looks like a small pear, and if a lighted stick is inserted, it will burn like a candle. The experiment of its value will be looked for with interest.

Mr S. B Buckley, an excellent botanist, has favored us with plants obtained during his late tour in the mountains of Carolina and Tennessee, as also with the new plant named by Dr. Gray from this discoverer, Buckleya.