This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
My Dear Sir, - L. F. Allen speaks pear knowledge for the Buffalo region very truly, no doubt, but not for Southern Ohio. With us they do much better. Last year I got four dollars the bushel for Bartlett, White Doyenne, Dearborn's Seedling, Seckle, Louise Bonne de Jersey, etc, and three dollars for Burgamots; and had some twenty bushels from a few young standard trees just beginning to bear fair crops; from a young dwarf Bartlett, about three pecks; other dwarfs, a peck. I think with us here, pear-culture will pay. Cincinnati.
Our grape crop in the West promises to be very large - the best since 1853. Some vineyards will produce 400 to 800 gallons to the acre, - the average yield will probably be 350 to 400 gallons per acre, for the Ohio Valley. The season for rot is now over, and we have nothing to fear but hail-storms. The vintage this year will be unusually early, owing to our warm, dry summer. It will probably commence the 3d week in September. The first week in October is the average commencement for a series of years, in this vicinity. Very truly, R. Buchanan.
Cincinnati 11 August, 1859.
Dear Sir: - Being in the vicinity of Baltimore, Md., on the 10th of June, I called on Messrs. Sam. Feast & Sons, and through the kindness of the elder Mr. Feast, was shown through their strawberry plantations, and I had the pleasure of seeing and tasting their new seedling, "Fillmore/' which has been attracting considerable attention in that vicinity for two or three years past. They have not less than 100 varieties in bearing, including about sixty of their own originating, selected from several thousand seedlings grown in 1852, - the time at which the "Fillmore" originated. Many of them promise well, but the " Fillmore " has left all in the rear; no plants of it have as yet been sent out, but they have very wisely been using considerable effort to test its value before offering it to the public; it is found in every quarter of their grounds, side by side with other popular sorts, and everywhere showed the same marked superiority. It had, evidently, as Mr. Feast told me, passed the meridian of its season by three or four days before I saw it, but nevertheless I have never seen a strawberry that pleased me so well.
I might safely say that the berries were one fourth larger than any of the other varieties, not excepting Hovey, Wilson or Peabody. It is of fine flavor, and as to its value as a market variety you may judge from the fact that the Messrs. Feast were then in the flush of the strawberry season, getting fifty cents per quart for them in Baltimore. The plant is a robust grower and evidently very hardy. It is a hermaphrodite.
I have no interest in thus noticing it, farther than the interest or good of the public is concerned. There is much humbuggery in now fruits now-a-days, and I consider it the duty of every pomologist to expose these impositions whenever they are cognizant of them, as well as to notice favorably such fruits as he thinks, after a careful examination, will prove valuable to the community. I think whoever procures Messrs. Feast's Fillmore will never have cause to regret it.
We have very few peaches and not more than half a crop of apples; a friend of mine in the Eastern part of this State sent me three varieties of peaches on the 13th of July, two of these seedlings of his own raising; one was really a fine peach and of good size for so early in the season. It seems strange that they ripen about 3 weeks earlier 150 miles East of us than they do here. I suppose you have plenty in market now from the South.
Staunton Nurseries, Staunton, Va. Yours, truly, F. Davis.