Foe symmetry of form, varied and interesting aspect of tree at different seasons of the year, for density of foliage, for beauty in the expansion of its buds in early spring, and in the many colored hues of its autumnal foliage, we have no native forest-tree that can compare with the Maple (Acer) family. We like the sober, gray look of its trunk and branches, even when entirely defoliated.

The Maple is nearly as useful to man as the plant of the sugar-cane, and an nually produces, in this country, large amounts of sugar, much superior in flavor to that manufactured from the juice of the cane. The aborigines of the country understood its manufacture long before the tending of the Pilgrims, and the manufacture of sugar from the Maple is now extensively practised by the Chippewa Indians, in all their primeval style. It is usually made to barter with the whites of the frontier forts and stations, and finds a ready market at the confectioners, to be made up into toothsome preparations.

The Sugar Maple (A. saccharinum) is the only variety of Maple which is used for this purpose. This variety is the loftiest growing of the Maple family, and is found in this country, from Maine to Georgia; there are two varieties of this: one called Black Maple (A. nigrum), which is smaller in size, reaching only a size of fifty feet; while the other variety grows to the height of eighty to one hundred feet. The Acer family, like the Quercus or Oak, is very numerous, numbering some seventeen varieties, and about forty sub-varieties.

The principal varieties of the Maple which can be cultivated for ornament, shade, avenues, grouping, Ac, are the (Acer rubrum) Red-twigged Maple, the Spike-flowered Maple (A. spicatum), the Striped-barked Maple (A. striatum), the Norway Maple (A. Platanus), the Sycamore Maple (A. Pseudo-Platanus).

The latter is undoubtedly one of the most ornamental of the whole variety of Maples. The longevity of the tree is from one hundred and fifty to two hundred years. As an ornamental tree, it may be planted in groups or avenues, but produces the best effect when planted singly, so as not to touch any other tree; the variety with variegated leaves is the most ornamental.

Nearly all the varieties of the Maple are rapid growing trees, forming dense, regular, and symmetrical heads, almost impervious to the rays of the sun.

Public opinion is much in favor of planting this tree as a park and street tree (also for avenues), from the fact that they are almost entirely free from caterpillars, worms, and all kinds of insects, retaining their foliage until quite late in autumn. I prefer Maples, as street trees, to elms or horse chestnuts.

I have seen villages and small cities, in Central and Western New York, whose street trees, in point of beauty of tree, density of foliage, and comfort of shade, will compare with many of the older settled villages of the East Although they may not have the enormous size and venerable appearance of the American elms (Ulmus Americana) to be seen in Northampton, Greenfield, and Deerfield, Mass., yet they present a more varied, and, in the autumn, a more pleasing sight to the eye, covered as they are with their yellow and scarlet frost-tinted foliage. And when they shall have attained the gigantic size of their more favored brethren, they will attract the same notice and attention.

I am aware that all lovers of nature have some particular tree, plant, or flower, which they admire above all others. I confess to having a greater penchant for the Maple for shade, avenue, and street trees than for any other variety of forest-tree.

I still remember how oft, in our school-boy hours, we sought the refreshing shade of the Maple, and gambolled beneath its wide-spreading branches. I well remember, too, with what eagerness I sought and drank the delectable fluid given forth from its gigantic trunk.

London says: " The wood of the Sycamore Maple is white, has a compost of a fine grain, susceptible of receiving a high polish, and easily worked. It does not warp, and is not liable to be attacked by worms or the borer, as is the case with the Locust"

I do not see why the Locust has been so extensively cultivated at the West, in forming artificial forests, in preference to the Maple. The latter is more rapid in growth; its sap is valuable for sugar; its timber brings a high price in market; it is valuable for fence posts, if the part to be put in the ground is slightly charred.

The time for planting the Maple is in early spring, or as soon before the expansion of the bud as may be.. It will be found, in removing from the woods, that the trees will necessarily lose some of, their fibrous and lateral roots; to obviate the danger arising from this loss at the time of transplanting, the top of the tree should be pruned, so as to take off as much in amount as the tree lost of the root in taking up, thus equalizing the circulation between root and top; this course will keep up the balance of the tree. The size of the tree to be transplanted in this manner, to insure safety, should not exceed two inches in diameter at the base of the stem. If trees of larger size are wanted, the best mode of procedure is to trench in a circle about the. tree, the previous spring, to time of planting, cutting the trench at a depth sufficient below the surface, to cut off all the horizontal roots; the result of this severing all the main lateral roots, is the multiplication of the fibres upon the remainder; the fibrous roots are, in fact, the life of the tree. The tree should be then taken up the succeeding winter with a ball of frozen earth upon the roots, and planted in this condition.

The manure to be applied to forest-trees should be composed mainly of leaf mould or swamp muck, and should be applied as nature applies it in the woods, as top dressing or mulch. This will insure their entire safety.

If our large cities and towns would eschew the planting of such trees as the Ailanthus and Lombardy Balsam or Poplar, and some other varieties I might mention, and plant Maples instead, it would add much to the beauty and pleasantness of their streets, and possibly increase the rent roll of many a miserly landlord.