This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Horace Everett, of Council Bluffs, describes a method of grafting, common in Tennessee, that may be worth knowing in other localities, and which he says is not described in any fruit book that he has read. It is described as follows; "A long smooth shoot or limb is selected, cut from the tree, and a sharp iron wedge driven through the limb, every four or five inches. Upon withdrawing the wedge, the graft is inserted, allowing the shaved end to extend an inch or so through, so that when a graft had been inserted in every split, the limb looked like a long stick, with the grafts extending from it at right angles, a shoot of four feet having about twelve grafts. This stick or limb is then buried in the ground, the tops of the grafts only being allowed to come above the surface. During the past year the grafts took root, and grew from 12 to 36 inches. The next fall the limb was taken up and was sawed apart, between the grafts, thus leaving every graft with a portion of the limb adhering to it in the shape of a cross.