This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The appearance of such a publication as this is a striking proof of the public interest in Agricultural affaire at the present time. In these "Minutes" we find but little beyond mere mention of topics discussed or offered for investigation; but meagre as they are we are glad to see them rescued from oblivion and put in a form for convenient reference. The names of the men who figured as Agricultural officers in those days, are alone valuable; a few of them are yet among us, but the greater number are gone. We have picked out the following items:
Read a communication from Richard Peters (Belmont), on Peach trees and other fruit trees. The method pursued by him was, baring the root and pouring a quart or more of hot water or soap suds thereon, commencing about ten or twelve inches above the root - and he dipped his young trees (say the root) from the nursery, also in hot water, before planting them".
Mr. Rawle informed the Society that the field mice destroyed the roots of one-tenth of his Acacia hedges during the winter, and that, from the experience of his neighbor, MONTMOLLIN, the American Whitethorn appeared to succeed much better than the English Whitethorn, both grown from seed, which must be two years in the ground. Mr. Shallcross mentioned a species of Thorn, near Wilmington, which had a more rapid growth, and became, in one season, large enough to be transplanted. It was observed that Yellow Willow made good garden fences. Green Willow said also to be good for fencing".
Mr. Young said ha had removed Cedar trees of a considerable size, by the following means: He dug round the trees in the autumn; in the course of the winter the ditch filled with water and froze, and when the ground was hard, towards spring, he dug up the tree, with the soil adhering to the roots, and put them in a hole prepared for the purpose, taking care to place the tree opposed to the same quarter of the compass as formerly. Mr. Clifford mentioned that the best way to transplant Tulip Poplars is to cut off the top and remove the stump, taking care to preserve the roots and to trim the roots which may be wounded by the spade. The Yellow Poplar's root runs down - the White Poplar runs horizontally.
Queries on fruit trees, by Mr. Peters".
"Mr. Philips stated that Mr. Stackhouse, of Bucks county, told him, a farmer near the 'Four Lanes' End,' in Bucks county, was famous for always having a good crop of Peaches ; and that his method was to plow his orchard twice every year. Sometimes taking a crop off the ground, and sometimes omitting to do so. Mr. P. said he had found some varieties of Peach trees to thrive much better in certain soils than others - that slacked lime not only had a good effect in promoting the growth of Peach trees (as noticed in his letter published in the Agricultural Memoir*), but also in causing Rose bushes to flourish - that he had cultivated a Peach called the Algerine Peach, from the nursery of Samuel Coles, of Moore's Town, New Jersey, which is green on the 20th November. They are pulled late and ripened in the house. And that Mr. Coles told him they would keep till January. He was prevented from trying the experiment, as they were stolen off the tree.
" Mr. G. Hamilton stated that Mr. Maclure told him there is a kind of Musk Melon, in Spain, that will keep many months, and that he had eaten them on his passage several weeks after being pulled.
"Mr. EL also stated that the following method of procuring Potatoes early, was followed near Philadelphia. Plant Potatoes in September, and, at the eve of winter, lay down the tops and cover them with long manure, and when the frost is out of the ground in the spring, the Potatoes may be dug.