This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The numerous difficulties in reconciling the internal convenience of a house to the external application of Grecian c6lumns of any order, at length banished columns altogether, and introduced a new style, which is, strictly, of no character. This consists of a plain building, with rows of square windows at equal distances; and if to these be added a Grecian cornice, it is called a Grecian building: if, instead of the cornice, certain notches are cut in the top of the wall, it is called a Gothic building. Thus has the rage for simplicity, the dread of mixing dates, and the difficulty of adding ornament to utility, alike corrupted and exploded both the Grecian and the Gothic style in our modern buildings.
"Without a bigoted attachment to either, every one must confess that there are a thousand beauties and graces in each, which deserve our admiration, although they can not, without violence, be made subservient to modern residence.
"In this inquiry, no mention has yet been made of the difference of climate, and the influence it may be supposed to have on the different styles, because grace and beauty of form, in ornament and decorations, may be considered, without always annexing ideas of utility; if they can be blended, it is the perfection of art in every province; and, in the choice and adaptation of new forms to new uses, consists the genius of the artist "But there is another consideration of greater importance, which relates to the material of which the building is constructed.
* The difficulty of adapting any order of column to the windows of a house, is evident from the portico being some.
"The eye will not be pleased with that to which the mind can not be reconciled: we must be satisfied that the construction is safe, and that the material is equal to its office. The resistance of iron is greater than that of stone; but if iron columns be made to represent stone, they will appear too light and weak. On the contrary, it stone columns be made to resemble metal, they will appear too heavy and massive. And if either of those materials be made to imitate wood, not only the relative strength of each must be considered, but also the Principles of Construction, which are totally different in the Grecian and Gothic styles.*
Fig. 2. Sketch exhibiting the principles of pressure in Grecian, Gothic, and Indian architecture.