This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Mr. Field moved to strike out Beurre d'Artmberg - strongly objected to - notwithstanding it occasionally cankers. Generally very fine.
Mr. Wilder moved, that the Stirling be added to the list for general cultivation, a seedling of Northern New York: has a beautiful yellow and red cheek. Mr. Lyons: A good pear in Michigan, for the last 35 years.
The Pears added to list, that promise well, are: The Hull, Meriam, Pinneo' Bergen, Beurre Gris d Hiver Nonveau, Henkel, Sterling.
Grapes, for general cultivation add: Delaware, Concord.
At the evening session, Sept 15, the " Grape '* was taken up.
Mr. Prince: moved that the Delaware be placed on the list. Bateham, of Ohio: This grape has been named from the town of Delaware, Ohio, in which it was grown. It seems to have come from New Jersey. It is a very desirable fruit, perfectly hardy in Ohio, and a first producer in good clayey soils. Mr. Thompson, Ohio: Considers the Delaware one of the best grapes grown - hardy, exempt from mildew; not as rampant as some others. It is growing near Trenton, N. J. Came originally from Hunterdon, N. J., from a garden filled with foreign grapes. Mr. Reid: knows of some old vines in N. J. bearing fine fruit. Mr. Downing: has grown it 4 years; considers it one of the best, if not the very best.
Mr. Wilder: Proposed the Concord, which he formerly disapproved; but it now looks finely in his own grounds - does not find it very early at Dorchester. Mr. Prince: It succeeds in Lower Canada, and should like to see it added to list for general cultivation. Mr. Clarke, Ct.: It is now about ripe with us - hardy, prolific, and well worthy general attention. Reid: Probably the best grape in New Jersey of that class, better as a whole, than the Isabella, Newbury, Ct.: Hardier than the Isabella; better, earlier; very valuable indeed. Mr. James, Pa.: Does very well in Pa. It is better with Mr. Cornelius, than in Boston, as it is not so astringent Carried to list for general cultivation.
At a recent meeting of Potomac Fruit Growers' Society, Washington, the question as to the relative merits of foreign and native grown pear stocks was discussed, and the decision was in favor of imported stocks - being far superior and less disposed to blight. Mr. Saul maintained the same to be true of quince stocks; those imported from France being far superior to those grown in this country. Mr. C. Gillingham, the President of the Society, and an old experienced grower of pears, said: "I have tried to raise pears from native stocks, and it was a complete failure."
Among the reasons assigned why foreign stocks are and should be best, is that they are more carefully grown; are, in general, at least once transplanted, after being shorted in both tops and roots; have therefore more fibrous roots, fruit earlier and more easily bear transplanting without injury from nursery to orchard.