This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
This town is situated a little east of the center of the county, and the county is about the center of the State east and west and in the second tier from Wisconsin line. The soil is a black muck, in the low grounds, from one to two feet deep; aud as the ground ascends, the soil grows less black and of less depth, so that on the ridges it is not generally more than about six inches. The subsoil is of a clayey nature, sometimes mixed with gravel, and grows more dense and impervious to water as we descend into it At the depth of 12 to 16 feet we find blue clay or gravel The water is what is commonly called hard, or brackish, but cool and clear. There are no swift running streams. Sloughs, or digging from 2 to 20 feet in any place. The spring is usually rather cold and backward; sometimes extremely dry, and sometimes extremely wet The summers are cool and comfortable. The autumn is delightful - almost all one continued Indian summer nntil Deeember, (I run the plow on the 15th, 16th, and 17th days of the latter month this year,) giving the farmer ample time to gather his bountiful crops. The winters are sunshiny and pleasant, except a few weeks, which are severely cold, even dangerous to venture far from home unless amply protected by clothing.
The productions for export are wheat, (mostly spring,) oats, com, buckwheat, rye, barley, beef, pork, butter, eggs, poultry, and wild fowls. We are rather backward in the horticultural department Many of the first settlers, who have been here 12 or 15 years, are just setting out orchards. Fruit trees of all kinds grow with extreme rapidity. I know of some Apple trees, five years from the nursery, which are six inches in diameter, and bear two bushels of fruit English Cherries do extremely well I have eleven, set three years last spring, from the Buffalo Nursery. They were then about one inch in diameter; and some now measure over four inches in diameter, and have borne fruit every year since they were set I have some common red Cherry trees, four years' growth, that measure sixteen inches in circumference. These trees have had no extra culture or manure. Plum trees grow well, and bear well. The country is very natural for Plums, and many grow wild in the woods. Raspberries, Currants, and Strawberries, do extremely well. Peach trees grow very fast and bear large crops; but are very likely to kill by the severe cold of winter. On the whole, I think there are but few places where can be raised better fruit, or more of it, than here.
S. W. Arnold. - Pampas, DeKalb Co., Ill.