This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
While the apple crop in this section of the country has partially failed this season, probably in consequence of previous over-bearing, the peach crop has been one of almost unrivaled abundance. Stakes, cords - all the usual appliances have failed to keep together the over-burdened trees, and the advantages of shortening-in the branches, and thinning the fruit, has been clearly demonstrated.
It is satisfactory to have every thing fruit, in order to prove the varieties; and if it were not for the confusion of names; I should like to give you some notes on the period of ripening. character of the trees, etc., in our region. Perhaps I can get at it by noticing those whose genuineness is doubted as I proceed.
Ripened August 21st Fruit rather below medium in size; feir; on clay soil a little acid; on gravelly soil juicy and sweet; very good.
August 21st Fruit medium size, lair, and excellent This tree, on our clay soil, after a few years of alow growth, shoots up and becomes a good sized tree. I saw it this spring, in the garden of a nurseryman, in the gravelly soil along the shore of Lake Erie, where it seemed stunted and much mildewed. This struck me as strange; yet as there were whole rows of it in the same condition, the fact appeared well established.
Ripened August 24th. I saw this in a neighbor's garden. Fruit fair, medium sized, of good flavor, and seeming every way worthy of cultivation.
August 24th. Fruit orange, with a red cheek, fair, medium sized, sweet, and moderately good. Tree a thrifty grower.
September 1st Fruit fair, large, very sweet, and fine every way - worthy of cultivation.
This tree, obtained of Ellwanger & Barry, according to the books is misnamed, the flowers being small, etc., The tree is a moderate bearer. Fruit large, groundwork yellowish-white, with a rich red cheek - large specimens always somewhat depressed - rich, sweet, juicy - surpassing any thing of the peach kind I have met with. Ripened September 4th.
September 4th. Fruit large, entirely covered with red; point depressed; second rate.
September 6th. Tree a good grower. Fruit sweet and good, but rotted this year a good deal on the tree.
September 10th. Tree obtained of Elliot & Co. Fruit very large, good specimens measuring eight and-a-half inches round; deep orange, with much red; larger and finer than the Lemon Cling, and ripening earlier.
September 18th. One of the finest trees to grow, and one of the best late peaches we have. Fruit large, fair, and beautiful - every way excellent.
September 18th. Fruited for the first time; large and fair, but acid.
September 18th. Tree drops much of its fruit prematurely. Fruit of good size, and the fairer specimens usually rich for so late a fruit.
September 20th. Large, fair, exceedingly beautiful, juicy, but acid. I ate this fruit in Bryant & Beecher's garden, near Erie, some two weeks ago, from a tree where it seemed to have prematurely ripened; it was there sweet and very good. I think it requires a longer season than ours to produce it in its perfection.
September 20th. We received trees of this fruit from Cincinnati as the Washington, and from Buffalo as the Sweetwater. It is an excellent bearer, but the fruit is apt to sun-burn and crack. The fair specimens have sometimes a slight blush upon them. Fruit of good size, occasionally with a slight bitter or nauseous flavor; but when fully ripe, juicy, sweet, melting and delicious.
September 20th. Contrary to Mr. Elliott's experience, this tree, with me, is a good and constant bearer. Fruit fair and very large, but coarse; second rate.
Matured September 1st, and sustained their reputation.
Ripens October 1st Good size and flavor, but requires a longer summer than ours.
I have raised these from the Grosse Mignonne and Morris' White, corresponding in the time of maturity with the parent tree, and the fruit equal in character.
September 10th. This Mr. Downing calls the best peach for general culture, and Mr. PRINCE asserts it to be identical with Prince's Rareripe. I saw several rows of trees this month said to be Prince's Rareripe in a Lake Erie nursery so mildewed that the proprietor of the garden intends to reject them. The tree sent to me for the George IV. is a fine, thrifty grower; the fruit large, round, much covered with red, with rather a grayish look, good, but not equal to some others. Stone small'
This year has clearly demonstrated to our farmers that a. fine fruit can be grown here as anywhere; and it is gratifying to observe the interest that is being awakened on the subject.
I note your theory about the curl, which was less prevalent this year than last I agree with you that sudden changes of weather may develop the disease, but doubt if this is the sole cause.
The curl is comparatively a recent disease, while sudden changes of the weather date back as far as the recollection of our "oldest inhabitant." I have also seen the curl under glass, but in a milder form. I think, then, that the weather gives to the disease its malignancy by aggravating a constitutional disease of the peach, resting in some cause as yet unknown. Will you accept of the modification!