This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
It has been our practice, for some years, to pinch or cut back say one or two inches of the growth of this year's raspberry canes, intended for next year's fruiting, as soon as they have reached three to three and a half or four feet high. By so doing we find the cane to become more stocky, more branched, and better able to support itself the next season during fruiting. The stopping - in of black currants in this way we have also found practically of value.
Gooseberry and Currant Bushes should have the earth plowed among them, and all thoroughly hoed or cultivated as soon as the fruit has been gathered. This course will enable the roots to act more vigorously and supply the growth of young wood and the germs of another year's fruit, which are almost entirely formed in the latter part of the season, or after they have ripened this year's crop.
Roses that have been layered this season will be much benefited by having a mulch of some sort spread over the ground where the new roots are forming. It serves to keep the temperature of the roots more uniform and continuous in growth, as well as to supply or hold moisture, which, with the heat, is necessary to growth.