This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Mr. C. E. Goodrich, of Utica, has given the subject of potato culture much attention. We have admired his fine exhibition at our State Fairs, and the freedom with which he communicated information. We refer with pleasure to Mr. G.'s advertisement.
The following, which we copy from the Maine Farmer, is interesting at this time, when the value of guano is exciting so much attention.
We saw, on Saturday, says the Newport News, 50 potatoes which weighed 50 1/2 pounds; they were raised on the farm of J. Presoott Hall, Esq., on some low swampy land which has but recently been reclaimed. We saw them weighed and consequently know that the statement is correct; this exceeds anything that we have heard of lately in the potato line.
Char let. No progress has really yet been made by either the philosophical researches or in the experiments which have been instituted to find out the cause of the potatoe disease. Smees' insect theory has been proved to be quite fallacious. Moisture has something to do, when in excess, in producing it, as may be proved by growing a dozen potatoes in as many large pots in a frame. Of these keep feeders filled with water under six of the pots, and keep the other six rather dry than otherwise. Generally, but not always, those with the feeders under, will have the disease and the others not.
An extensive potato-grower tells us he has found the Early Hose to mature early and perhaps fully maintain its character, but that, side by side, his crop of Massachusetts or Jackson Whites Was more productive. A variety that he has under name of Shaw - a smooth, even tuber - he, however, considers best for table, while a new sort, called Lottridge, gives promise of having the qualities of earliness, goodness, and productiveness in greater degree than any other variety.