This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
We are very glad to learn that this Club holds monthly conversational meetings, and is doing much good. Horticulture will be more surely advanced by such meetings than by even public exhibitions; and when both are combined a society is in the way of doing its duty, and may confidently look for public support. For the proceedings of the last meet-ing, held August 6th, we are indebted to Secretary Young.
Messrs. H. and J. Carpenter exhibited ten varieties of Currants. H. L. Young exhibited the New Rochelle and the common field Blackberry. Mr. Williams exhibited Summer Pippin Apples, Mr. Wilcox very large Harvest Apples, and Mr. Gilford the Beurre Giffard Pear.
Mr. Williams thought it very desirable to raise the Black Currant for wine. He believed it had medicinal qualities, and could be made for 50 cents a gallon at the present price of sugar. An acquaintance of his had made a hundred gallons.
Mr. Vincent opened the discussion on Grapes by stating that he had growing on his premises 13 varieties, and that some sorts had mildewed badly, while others had escaped. He spoke of mildew or blasting of the berries, not of the leaves. Even the Concord, supposed to be free from this affection, had suffered badly, so that out of 600 or 800 bunches, but very few perfect ones could be obtained. The kinds mildewed are the To Kalon, Catawba, Diana, and Anna, and they had been affected in degree somewhat according to the order in which they are named, the To Kalon being the most injured. The kinds that have escaped mildew up to the present time are the Hartford Prolific, Northern Muscadine, Elsinburgh, Delaware, Rebecca, Clinton, Union Village, and Isabella. Mr. V. remarked that nearly all his vines had about the same exposure, different kinds were trained on the same trellis, and all had been similarly treated. They were young vines; had been set about three years; they were heavily manured on first planting.
Mr. H. D. Myers raised on a side hill, with a southeast exposure, and on a slaty soil, approaching in some places close to the rock, the Diana, Catawba, and Isabella. His vines had been set out about three years; his fruit had not mildewed, except at one end of his trellises, near a board fence. He had applied but little manure last fall; he put not over four quarts of rotted manure to each vine.
Mr. J. Carpenter was not troubled with mildew; he had never been, but this season the berries were cracking open, so that many bunches were injured from this cause. It was so with all kinds of grapes raised by him. He did not manure heavily; he used very little manure, except in the way of bone dust. The Concords, growing on a gravelly hill, had burst, but the Isabellas had suffered still more than this variety.
Mr. H. L. Young said that his grapes, growing on a side hill, with a slaty rock underlaying the soil, had been but little affected by mildew. Among many hundred bunches of Concords, only here and there a mildewed grape was visible; the loss would not be worth mentioning. The Dianas had suffered more, and some bunches were injured. As to the Catawbas, they were nearly all gone, except on occasional favored portions of the vines, small in extent No other kinds had mildewed to any degree, and he fruited some ten or eleven varieties.
Mr. Uhl found the Catawba, Diana, and Montgomery to mildew badly, the Concord slightly; the Isabella, Union Village, Northern Muscadine, Clinton, and Delaware were perfect. He had found some of the leaves of his vines mildewed. On his high trellises, all the Diana grapes below a line ten feet above the ground were gone; above this there were some good bunches.
Mr. Vincent said, he thought the mildew came from the berries being kept wet by frequent rains, and in the sun striking upon them in this condition. Others stated they thought it came from excessive rains, acting upon a soil too highly manured. No remedy was proposed by any member when inquired for, but it was remarked that sulphur thrown freely on the vines had been used, but apparently without success.
The discussion was engaged in by many others, including Messrs. Merritt, Tall-man, Corlies, and Gregory, and was very suggestive to cultivators of the vine, seeking the proper course for its successful treatment.
On motion of J. B. Jewett, the President was authorized to appoint hereafter a committee of three to prepare a Premium List, choose judges, and make other preparatory arrangements in reference to the contemplated exhibition towards the close of September next, said committee to report at the next meeting of the Association.
Mr. Jewett's opinion was that Brinckle's Orange was rather tender; that is, the plant; he had tried the Franconia, Allen, and Fastollf; the last was best for family use, but it was too soft to bear any transportation. He liked the flavor of the Allen, but could not get from his bushes a sufficient quantity for use; the berries were small and imperfect. Mr. Young found the same fault with the Allen; the great quantity of its suckers was also an objection.
Mr. Carpenter found the Allen fruitful, when planted by the side of the Antwerp, or some other productive variety.
Mr. Buckingham said that he did not like the Perpetual Red, and had left off its cultivation. On inquiry as to the best time to set out a Raspberry bed, Mr. Myers said that the practice in Milton and through the raspberry growing locality was to take up the bushes in the fall, heel them in, and then set them out in a bed in the spring.
Adjourned to the afternoon of the 1st Wednesday in September.
H. S. Young, Sec'y.