This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Mr. Fuller. - No. We have not had experience enough in this country to know what we can do. Some varieties we can cut clear down; others we prune to a well-developed bud. I would leave two good buds on the Isabella. A grape vine is not worth having unless it has a going over once a-week. The best way is to train to two arms.
Mr. Cavanach. - I have a few remarks to make, and will read them. [We have no copy of these remarks. - Ed].
At the close, Mr. McGabry said, By fall pruning, in a short time you will have no vines; the winter does its own pruning. I have pruned twenty-five vines this season in this city, and have not left one scientifically pruned. I found twelve years' bark on some, with numerous insects. Clear off all the old bark, which gives the vines a youthful appearance, and gets rid of the insects. Never get your vines pruned in the fall. Would prune now till the first week in June.
Mr. Fuller. - Both spring and fall pruning is logical. In some countries they prune altogether in the fall. The roots continue to absorb after the leaves fall. You should never prune so close in the fall, but cut again in the spring. We prune in the fall for cuttings. I would not, as a rule, prune in the fall in Brook-lyn. There is hardly a grape that would not pay to lay down. Strawberries and raspberries do better by being covered in winter. A plant may lay in solid ice all winter and not be injured, if the water runs off when it melts.
After some further conversation the Society adjourned, the subject of Pruning being continued.
The Society met again March 11th, President Degrauw in the chair.
Mr. Mead congratulated the Society on the brilliant display of flowers and plants on the table. Mrs. Humphries presented a fine collection of plants and a very beautiful floral basket Among the plants were two fine seedling Cinerarias. Mr. Chamberlain exhibited a number of his moss baskets, consisting of Peaches, Cherries, Vines, Verbenas, etc., the peaches and cherries being well furnished with fruit buds. The President exhibited fine specimens of Azalias and Hyacinths.
Mr. Chamberlain also exhibited a noble specimen of the Providence Pine, weighing seven and a half pounds. Mrs. Humphries exhibited also a Wardian case, the plants being very tastefully disposed. Mr. Eberhard exhibited a new pattern of the Waltonian case. Mr. Weir exhibited a superb lot of Camellia blooms.
The following questions were asked:
1. What is the best variety of Rose to be used as a weeper?
Mr. Mead. - I have never seen but one true weeping variety of the rose. It is in the possession of Mr. Burgess. He says it is called the Willison's Weeper, and was raised in Yorkshire. It should be worked six or seven feet high.
2. What as a pyramid?
I hardly know how to understand this question. A pillar Rose is probably meant. If so, I would select a strong growing Hybrid Perpetual.
Mr. Burgess suggested the Baronne Prevost.
Mr. Fuller. - It is not easy to select one, where there are so many.
Mr. Bridgeman. - The strong growers are the best. Weak growers would not be likely to attain sufficient height to correspond with the others. It is a very pretty method of growing Roses.
3. What is considered the best white Rose for cemetery lots?
Mr. Mead. - There are only two or three among the Hybrid Perpetuals, and hardly one pure white. Mrs. Rivers is one of the best, but difficult to get true. In a well-protected lot I would select from among the Teas and Noisettes, and cover during the winter. •
4. It is stated that the seeds of some varieties of flowers, if they be kept for several years will produce blooms larger and more double than if planted the season after they ripen. If this be correct, what varieties are they?
Mr. Mead. - There are only a few, and the common Balsam or Lady Slipper is one of them. If kept a year or two it is more likely to come double than if sown when freshly gathered. I have kept Balsam seed more than ten years. How much longer it would keep I do not know.
Mr. Bridgeman. - Most flower seeds are injured by long keeping; the germs are apt to be destroyed. In paper bags exposed to the atmosphere is a better way to keep them than to put them in closed vessels. If put in bottles or tight boxes, they are sometimes likely to germinate there.
Mr. Burgess. - I received a prize for a melon grown from seed kept thirteen years in a piece of cartridge paper. It was a Cantaloupe Melon.
Mr. Bridgeman. - Mr. Thomas Hogg, who has had a large experience, as well as bis father before him, says it is a mistake to seal up seeds to preserve them or send them to a distance. The best way is to pour honey over them. Seeds that could not be brought from China in any other way, have been so treated, and brought successfully.
5. - Why is it that some Rose bushes have pericarps in abundance after flowering while others have none?
Mr. Mead. - I do not know of any rose that does not have a pericarp. It may not always swell and produce seed, but under proper conditions it will do so. Some kinds of roses set them more abundantly than others. This is determined in a great measure by the fulness of the rose, or the abundance of its petals. The circumstances of culture also have their influence.
Mr. Park. - Three quarters of our Camellias do not produce seed. I think there are roses so full they do not produce seed.
Mr. Fuller. - All double flowers are deformities and monstrosities, and not natural.
Mr. Mead. - The fullest rose we have would produce seed, if grown for a while in a poor soil; while in the rich soil, used in the green-house, it might fail to do so.
6. Has the Delaware grape been grown under glass, and with what results? Mr. Mead. - I have known it in one or two instances to be grown under glass, and with the best results. It is always grown with the best results, in doors or out.