This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The experience of the present season convinces us that the Red Antwerp, so extensively grown for market in Orange county, N.Y., is different from the true Red Antwerp. It is much more conical, the grains smaller and more compact, giving greater firmness to the berries, and rendering them better adapted to market purposes. The canes of the Orange county variety are more slender and more spiny, and the leaves are not so large or so heavy as those of the true variety. It is cultivated around Toronto, and we have in some cases received it from England. The genuine Antwerp is grown here by many Dutch families, who brought it directly from Holland. The Fastolff is a superb fruit, the largest we have seen; a strong grower, hardy, and productive. Dr. Brinkle's Orange, we understand, promises to be valuable for market. If it be so in firmness, its color will make it very popular.
The Black Raspberry proves to be a most distinct and useful variety, its brisk acid serves so well to correct the cloying sweetness of jam made of the common sorts.
The Belle de Fontenay is a dwarf-growing variety, with large and deep green leaves. Bears large fruit all the autumn, of good flavor, but requires a warm soil and exposure.
The Merveille de Quartre Saisons is, of all the autumnal Raspberries, the most abundant bearer; its spikes of fruit are often two feet long, and produced till the end of October.
The Merveille de Quartre Saisons with yellow fruit is a new variety raised from the above. It bears abundantly in the autumn, and its fruit is sweet and well flavored.
New York, Connecticut, New Jersey, Canada West, Mississippi, Ohio.
New York, Canada West, New Jersey, Massachusetts.
New York, Connecticut, New Jersey, Maine, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Ohio.
New York, Connecticut, Vermont, New Jersey, Maine, Massachusetts.
New York, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Ohio.
An Amateur, (Brooklyn, N. Y.) The best way to raise seedlings of the raspberry, is the following: Wash the seeds free from the pulp as soon as the berries are perfectly ripe. Take one or more wooden boxes, constructed about 6 inches deep, 2 feet wide and 3 feet long: fill them with rich sandy loam, to within an inch of the top. Sow the seeds in the soil about a fourth of an inch deep, pressing the mould down firmly, and watering it after sowing the seeds. The boxes should then be placed in a shady situation, on the north side of a fence or building - plunged up to the rims in tan-bark or coal-ashes, and watered regularly every evening, so long as the dry high) transplant them, (during wet weather,) into a favorable place in the garden. You may succeed in making the seeds vegetate by planting them in the open garden - but you will not probably, get half the number in this way that you will with the boxes. The strawberry may be treated in the same manner.
Tyro, (New London, Ct.) The rose leaves which you have sent us, and of which only the skeleton remains, (the covering of the leaf having been entirely eaten up,) have been devoured by the rose slug. If you wish to get rid of this pest, which as you say destroys all the beauty of the queen of garden flowers, you must commence next year, early in the season - as soon as the rose buds begins to show the first faint signs of the color of the flower, and syringe the foliage on the under side, with to-bacco water. This, repeated two or three times, at intervals of four or five days, will effectually destroy the rose slug while it is in the state of a small green fly.
R. R. (New-London, Ct.) Rivers' Everbearing Raspberry, does not continue to bear in this climate except it is planted on a moist soil, when it yieds a good second crop in the autumn. Knevetts Giant is a better market fruit than the Fastolff - the fruit being nearly as large, and much firmer.
Knevett's Giant, Franconia, and perhaps Fastolff - worthy of a place in every garden.
The Northern Spy apple has again borne, but "the Committee see no reason to alter the opinion they have before expressed, of the unsuita-bleness of this variety for general cultivation in this vicinity." Caution against hasty decisions is, however, shown by the fact stated by the committee, "that what is now beginning to be regarded as one of our best winter pears, the Glout Morcean, was but a few years since almost condemned as nearly worthless".
Red Antwerp, Yellow Autwerp.
The formation of young plantations may now be proceeded with. A deep friable soil, on a gravelly bottom, with the surface gently sloping, is the most suitable for them. On undrained and retentive subsoils the canes never ripen so as to be sufficiently productive. They cannot flourish in soil destitute of lime. This mineral enters largely into the composition of the cane, and frequent applications of it are required to maintain a healthy and productive plantation. They should be planted in rows four feet apart and two feet from plant to plant, trained on a trellis, as recommended in the last number of the Horticulturist. The usual method of tying them up in bundles to single stakes prevents the proper development of the plants, and is ruinous both to the quantity and quality of this most desirable fruit. Old plantations should receive a top dressing of bone dust, lime, guano, or rotted yard manure, forked slightly into the soil. If they are trained to single stakes, thin each plant to four or five good canes; trained to a trellis they should be tied about nine inches apart.