This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
This cottage was designed by me for a suburban residence for a small family, and was erected near Philadelphia. It would be suitable as a country residence, or, with some small additions, as a farm-house. It was intended to combine the comfortable accommodation of a family of moderate size; some degree of luxury in the interior, and picturesque ensemble, with a neat, yet roomy compactness, that should avoid the large, unnecessary expenditure so frequently caused in building, by a slovenly and half-studied plan (through which we often find large, useless, yet costly spaces left here and there, and dignified, on the plan, with the names of "lobby, passage, ante-room, vestibule, salon," and what-not, unless in the upper stories, where they are more generally not indicated); and thus to bring the building within the compass of moderate means.
The actual cost of this building was about $3,500. The exterior is designed after what is termed the Italian bracketed manner, a style much in vogue for country buildings; but differs from the common examples in partaking somewhat the character of the "Swiss" cottage. The first floor comprises - 1st. A drawing-room, 15 feet by 27 feet, with a bay window, 6 feet by 4 feet, which commands a very fine view, fifteen or twenty miles in every direction. This room is surrounded on two sides by a wide veranda, between which and the drawing-room, the communication is by glass doors. 2d. The hall, 7 feet 6 inches by 19 feet, opening on the veranda, at the back, and on the front porch, at the front end. 3d. The dining-room, 13 feet 6 inches by 18 feet, and enlarged by a bay of the same size as that in the drawing-room. This room communicates with a china-closet under the main-stair, and a pantry-closet, 4 by 4. This latter has next the kitchen, a small opening with a slide, by which hot dishes can be passed through. 4th. The kitchen; between this and the dining-room, the back-stair ascends to the second story, and descends to the cellar, where there is a large pantry or "cold cellar," 3 feet below the level of the other cellars, a hot-air furnace with the necessary bins for coal, etc.
The kitchen is 13 by 14 feet, with a closet, a large dresser, and a range with boiler. The summer or wash-kitchen, besides cooking apparatus, has an iron sink with hot and cold water.
The ceilings in the first story are 11 feet in the main, and 8 feet and 6 inches in the back buildings. In the second story, the space over the drawing-room is divided into a larger and a smaller room, 15 by 15, and 15 by 12, while the space over the dining-room is in one, 18 feet long by 13 feet 6 inches wide. The space at the front end of the hall, 5 feet by 8 feet 6 inches, including partitions, is divided as follows: 1st, two 3 inch closet partitions; 2d, a large central closet, 5 feet by 3 feet, communicating with the room over drawing-room by a two feet passage, and with a window on the porch balcony; 3d, a closet 3 feet by 3, in the angle of the L, formed by the above closet and passage, and opening also into the drawing-room chamber; 4th, a closet 5 feet by 2, opening into the dining-room chamber. The smaller drawing-room chamber has a closet partly in the thickness of the wall. Over the kitchen is a small room, 12 feet by 13, with a recess closet, which communicates with the main-stair landing by the back-stair quarter-pace. It will be seen that this room is 2 feet smaller than the kitchen. This 2 feet is a short passage thrown into the bath-room, which is over the dining-room closet, and 2 feet larger both ways, being 6 feet by 6, or 8 feet with the passage.
The bath-room has hot and cold water, and water-closet. The bath-tub against the dining-room partition, and the sloping end of the tub being next the back-stair, head-way for the stair is contrived under it. The second story ceilings are 9 feet main, and 8 feet back. There are two finished attics; the one over the drawing-room is 15 feet by 27, with a window at each end, and could be divided easily into two good sized rooms. The other, over the dining-room, is 13 feet 6 inches by 18 feet. These are level-ceiled for two-thirds of their space, and the slope-ceiling approaching the floor nowhere nearer than 6 feet. The level-celling is 8 feet high.
The cupola is 7 feet 6 inches by 7 feet 6 inches, and a most magnificent prospect is commanded. The cupola floor is 6 feet above the third floor, and is reached by a stair running crosswise of the hall, while between the two floors a space 5 feet by 7 feet 6 inches, is appropriated to closets. The chimney flues are gathered together in the loft into one stack, which rises behind the cupola, and is concealed by it. It will be seen that, in this neat cottage, every foot of space is turned to account, while ample accommodation is obtained for the moderately sized family for whom it was intended.