This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Perhaps there are few trees in the American forest of more value than the Maple. As an ornamental tree it is exceeded by few, and its cultivation in the lawn should be much extended; for avenues or the streets of towns and villages it stands unrivalled. Its sap affords an article of indispensable use, which is manufactured at the most leisure season of the year. Its timber is valuable in the arts, and ranks next to the hickory for fuel; its shade is umbrageous and refreshing; its form symmetrically beautiful; and its growth is perfected in almost every soil. Whether we regard the beauty of its flowers and opening its early spring, of its red fruits in the beginning of summer, or its red foliage in autumn, it deserves to be considered one of the most ornamental of hardy trees.
If you want shade, plant the Maple; that will give you in a few years, in a good soil, a firm, round-headed tree, with a canopy of leaves that will defy the sun's penetration, and in early spring a glorious display of flowers, equal to the Laburnum, and to us more interesting. A plantation made on the north or bleak side of the farm buildings, or the fruit orchard, or in both around permanent inclo-sures, is highly useful as a protection; constitutes a most interesting feature of rural scenery, and will ultimate in a substantial profit to its proprietor.
What a delightful feature must this tree form in a rural scenery, and how easily it might be imitated in all parts of the country. The people of Massachusetts are entitled to much credit for their early attention to this subject, where a laudable emulation prevails in transplanting their highways into avenues of trees, useful as well as ornamental.