Long since, the British Association appointed an important committee on this subject. Dr. Daubeny read their report at the last meeting, held in Dublin, in September. They state that after planting year after year all the seeds they were able to collect, they had now left but four species of plants whose seeds continued to grow. These were seeds belonging to the species Ulex, Dolichos, Malva, and Ipomea. The results are curious and interesting. We now give them for the information of our readers, and for reference. The register of every experiment was exhibited with the details kept by Mr. Baxter of the Botanic Garden. .From this register it was seen that the shortest period for which any of the seeds had retained their vitality was eight years, and the longest forty-three years. Grouping the plants according to their natural orders, the following selected will give some idea of the plants whose seeds retain their vitality longest: Graminea, 8 years; Liliaoea, 10 years; Conifers, 12 years; Tiliacee, 27 years; Malvaceae, 27 years; Le-guminosae, 43 years; Rhamnaceae, 21 years; Boragniaceae, 8 years; Convolvulaceae, 14 years; Composite, 8 years; Myrtaceae, 18 years; Umbelliferae, 8 years; Cruciferaa, 8 years.

It would appear that the seeds which retained their vitality longest were those which had least albumen surrounding their embryos, as the Leguminosae; whilst those which had large quantities of albumen, as the Graminaceae, lost their vitality soonest. Dr. Steele stated that he had planted many seeds obtained from Egyptian mummies, but always failed to obtain any indications of their vitality. Mr. Moore, of the Dublin Botanic Garden, related an instance in which he had succeeded in producing a new species of leguminous plant from seeds obtained by Mr. John Ball from a vase discovered in an Egyptian tomb. He also stated that he had picked from out of the wood of a decayed elm, at least fifty years old, seeds of laburnum, many of which had germinated when planted, and produced young trees. He had once grown a crop of young barberry trees by planting a quantity of barberry Jam, which proved that the process of preparing the Jam did not injure the seed. Many seeds grew the better for being placed in boiling water before they were set. Dr. Daubeny stated that seeds did not retain their vitality whilst entirely excluded from the air; that, in order to keep them well, they should be wrapped up in brown paper, or some other porous material.

Mr. Archer stated that the seeds sent from China in air-tight vessels always failed to germinate. Borne seeds kept much better than others. Mr. Ogilby stated that some seeds germinated the better for being kept. Mr. Nevins and Mr. Moore both confirmed this statement, and said that gardeners were in the habit of keeping cucumber and melon seeds in their pockets, in order to insure their more efficient germination.

The Northwestern Fruit Growers' Association held their semi-annual meeting in connection with the Alton Horticultural Society, late in September. By the kindness of the President (Mr. M. L. Dunlap), we have the following reports, which we are pleased to place on record. The exhibition of fruits was large and fine, though, in consequence of the fair at St. Louis, and several county fairs then in session, the attendance was not very large.

The Association was cautious in relation to recommending varieties for general cultivation, but the following will prove of interest to planters.

The Association is now merged in the Illinois State Horticultural Society.

Fruits recommended for general cultivation between the 37th aed 39th parallels of:

Latitude.. Apples

Early Harvest, Bed June, Red Astrachan, Sweet Bough, Sweet June, Summer Rose, American Summer Pearmain, Ramsdell's Sweet, Golden Sweeting.

Fall Apples

Fall Wine, Maiden's Blush, R. I. Greening, White Bellflower, Rambo, Hubbardston^ Nonsuch, Buckingham, Peck's Pleasant, Prior's Red.

Winter Apples

Red Canada, Willow Twig, Wine Sap, Raules Jenet, Newtown Pippin, Gilpin.


Yellow Siberian Crab.


Doyenne d'Ete, Bartlett, St. Ghislain, White Doyennl, Fondante d'Automne, Dix, Napoleon, Beurre d'AnJou, Beurre Bosc, Beurre Brown, Henry 4th, Seokel, Stephen's Genesee, Fulton, Flemish Beauty, Urbaniste, Beurre Diel, Beurre Clairgeau, Duchess d'Angouleme, Winter Nelis, Columbia, Lawrence, Raster Beurre.


Gov. Wood, May Duke, Black Tartarian, Bigarreau Belle de Choisey, Early Richmond, Belle Magnlfique, Great Blgarreau, Gridley, Late Duke, Common Morello, Early Hay.


Lombard, Diamond, Imperial Gag©, Connie's Nota Bene, Washington, Jefferson, Smith's Orleans, Lawrence, Bleeker's Gage, Reine Claude de Bavay, St. Catherine, Coe's Golden Drop, Semmiana, Damson, for drying and preserving; Wild Plum of Central Illinois, presented by L. Shaw, and called by him Chickasaw.

This list was passed over informally, by general consent.


Serrate Early York, Large Early York, Bergen's Yellow, Early Crawford, Old Mixon Free, George 4th, Late Crawford, Late Admirable, Druid Hill, La Grange, Colombia, Smeok, Heath.


Red Roman, Elruge.


Peach, Musch.


Red Dutch, White Dutch.


Orange, Red Antwerp, Ohio Everbearing.




Longworth's Prolific, Hovey, McAvoy's Superior.

List Of Apples Recommended For General Culttvation Between The Paralleis Of 39 Abb 41 Degrees, In Their Order Of Ripening.


Yellow June, Early Harvest, Carolina June, Keswick's Codlin, Sweet June, Summer Rose, Dana, Summer Pearmain, Golden Sweeting, Hocking, Maiden's Blush, Fall Wine, Rambo, Jonathan, Autumnal Swaar, Buckingham, Downing's Paragon (new), Fameuse, Roman Stem, White Bellflower, Early Winter Sweet, Yellow Bellflower, Swaar, Fulton, Peck's Pleasant, Sweet Nonsuch, Raule's Janet, Wine Sap, White Winter Pearmain, New-town Pippin, Willow Twig.


American Heart, Knight's Early Black, Black Heart, Elton, Yellow Spanish, White Tartarian, Ox Heart, Early May.


Yellow Magnum Bonum, Lombard, Green Gage, German Prune, Chickasaw of L. Shaw, Blue Imperatrice.

List Of Apples Recommended For Generral Culttvation Between Latitudes 41&Deg; And 52 33', In The Northwest.

Summer Apples

Early Harvest, Red June, Sweet June, Early Pennoek, Hooking, Keswick's Codlin.

Fall Apples

Maiden's Blush, Fall Wine, Fameuse, Lowell, Sweet Nonsuch, Yellow Bellflower, Swaar, Wine Sap, White Winter Pearmain, Willow Twig, Talman Sweeting, Jonathan, Fulton, Ladies' Sweeting,. Domine, Herefordshire Pearmain, White Pippin, Whitney's Russet, Ramsdell's Sweet, Bailey's Sweet, Minkler.

This last is an apple named by the Association, and recommended for general culture.