This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
We must repeat our caution against letting weeds go to seed, because not only do some of our old readers forget its importance, but many new readers know not the great amount of labor and trouble they entail on the next year's work by reason of a little neglect at this time. Let no weeds go to seed on your grounds or those of your neighbor, if you can possibly prevent it.
Evergreen or Deciduous Shrubs that have completed their growth for this year, may now be moved with safety from one part of the grounds to another, but it would not do to take them from a nursery and transport them any distance. After setting, water thoroughly and mulch at once. New roots will at once form, and the plants will start strong and vigorous next spring.
Pelargoniums should be repotted this month, if not before done. In doing the work, trim off the outside of the ball and roots with a knife, but do not shake it clear of the soil or so as to break the ball. Use strong heavy soil with good drainage rather than light sandy loam.
Roses propagated by means of layers this season should, as soon as it is certain they have become rooted, be taken up and potted off in good sharp, rich, sandy soil. It is no trick to form the layer, but many rose-growers know to their cost the loss attendant during winter of layered plants taken up and potted or heeled in at the close of the growing season. Pot them as soon as they have made an inch of root; set them in a shady place, water carefully for a few days, or until there is no appearance of their flagging, when the pots may be plunged in the soil, out in the full light, and by the close of the season each will present a well-grown and bushy plant. Of course they must be occasionally watered.