This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
In March, 1869, Mr. C. A. Hutchinson, of Jacksonville, Florida, planted a plat fifty feet square, with orange seed. In February next the plants were twelve to eighteen inches high, when 8200 worth were sold at the rate of twenty dollars per hundred. The remainder were transplanted, and are now two and a half to three feet high, and occupy a space of fifty by one hundred feet, and number about 8,000 plants. They are worth an average of thirty dollars per hundred in the market, making the product of the lot, within two years, $2,600. The expense of seed and cultivation is estimated at about sixty dollars.
Mr . A . Fah-nestock , whose place is near Toledo , Ohio , has sold this season , in that city , about two hundred and fifty bushels of raspberries , with prices ranging from four to five dollars per bushel . The yield was about sixty bushels to the acre . The expense of cultivating (not including picking) is about ten dollarsper acre . His crop nets about one hundred and seventy-five dollars per acre .
Mr. Knox succeeded in making his land, devoted to the Jucunda strawberry, pay from $1,200 to $1,500 per acre, and frequently sold fancy berries at the rate of one dollar per quart. They were done up in little fancy boxes, and also in small cases of five to ten quarts ready to send off to any address. These quart baskets often held but eighteen berries or but nine to the pint. From two and a half acres last year he realized net $3,600. He is the only strawberry grower of our acquaintance who makes more money from his fruit than the plants from the same ground. The reverse is generally the rule with nurserymen; sell all the plants possible, and if any fruit is left, sell that too - hence the display of fruit is very small, and inferior in size or quality.
A gardener near San Jose, California, planted in 1868 and 1869, fourteen acres in strawberries. In 1869 he sold forty-four tons of berries for $6,000; in 1870, forty-one tons for $5,800; and a total for three years of $21,800. From a space of 211 square yards, or two and a quarter acres, he shipped $100 worth per week from March 1st to May 1st, or $800, at six cents per pound. He has eighteen acres newly planted this year in Conover's Colossal asparagus, planted five feet by three.
The Transcendent Hyslop and other improved Crab apples, have been raised with great success by R. C. Fields of Osseo, Wis. As many as 1,000 bushels have been raised in a single year, and he has never sold them for less than $2.00 per bushel. Among the new Russia varieties being planted in the vicinity, the Tetofsky has the preference.
An acre of chestnut trees planted for timber will accommodate about 1,600 trees. In ten years' time they will be worth from $1 to $3 per tree, or $1,600 to $5,000 per acre. But if planted for nuts, at 20 feet apart, there will be 100 trees, each good to yield one-half bushel to each tree, or, at $5 per bushel, $250 per acre. Add to this the value of each tree for timber purposes, and in less than ten years' time a fortune is available for any enterprising timber planter of 50 or 100 acres, of from $25,000 to $100,000. Why are our people so slow to appreciate the necessity and profits of forest tree culture ?