This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
United States. Its crops are uniformly reliable, and its fruit is of superior quality. During the past fall season of 1873, the apples shipped to market amounted to nearly 500,000 barrels, for which the farmers received an average of $2.50 to $3 each.
Many cultivators and gardeners, as soon as a lot of trees or shrubs are received from a nursery, are apt to leave the roots exposed for several hours, or even days, to the cold winds or to the dying rays of the sun. It is hardly necessary for us to repeat here, as we have often done before, that it is a pernicious species of negligence. Plant them at once as soon as opened, and do not leave them more than an hour unplanted. The roots, unless soon placed in the earth in their proper place, shrink up, are dried, and never recover their proper vigor of growth. Neither is it well to use too much water in planting our trees. A little to settle the earth closely around the root is well enough; but to insure perfect and permanent moisture, apply a good mulch of hay, straw, etc., over the ground for three feet around. When this is done the tree will need no further watering, for the shade of the mulch is itself attractive of moisture.
Will you please through the columns of the Horticulturist give some method of protecting choice fruit from birds, as it may be of benefit to many of your subscribers. Last summer I had some fine strawberries on newly planted Prince Alice Maud vines, (a strawberry that promises to succeed well in this region,) but was deprived of getting more than the first three or four that ripened The common cat bird was the one that did the stealing - and did it well, too, for I watched with my gun and shot several and caught two in steel traps, and hung cloths about over the fruit, but all of no avail. Jno. G. R. Kalb. - Lovettsoville, Loudon county, Va.
Last fall I laid down my grapes in my vinery on the ground, pinning them down and covering them, with loose straw. During the winter the field mice got in and injured them, eating the bark from some of them for several feet; and otherwise injuring some of the finest of them.
Will you inform me what measures to take this winter, to prevent a similar occurrence, and how shall I lay them down and protect them. Tours very truly, S.K.Williams. Newark, Wayne Co., N. F., Nov. 11, 1831.
If you fear the attacks of mice,lay your vines on the ground, and cover them with tan-bark. Ed.
M. Wood, (Pittsburgh.) The hardier China roses, such as Bourbon, Noisettes, etc, will be sufficiently protected by bending down the tops and covering them with straw, cornstalks. - or what
Carnations and picotees, if they have been left in the beds - may be carried through the winter by turning a flat box over the bed - so as to cover all the plants. Raise the box about an inch or two on the north side, by a stone under its edge, and stick down a guard of small sticks all along the open edge, close enough to keep out the mice, but not so close as to keep out the air. Do not touch or remove the box till the spring fairly opens. This is the simplest and best mode.