This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
We would prefer breaking them up into small pieces, or grinding into powder in a raw state, to burning. Fire destroys the organic parts, which are the most immediate fertilizers.
We may be pardoned for referring to this topic. We have used Lister's Bone Meal and other fertilizers for six years, and will not use any other. We not only believe them to be the purest of any in the market, but the firm are of such acknowledged reliability and honesty in transactions that they deserve wider publicity. To gardeners and fruit growers, who have to use the various preparations of bone for their trees and vines, we can recommend cheerfully the above firm.
Among all the specific manures for grape vines , pear trees , grass lawns , etc . , none , perhaps , embody more of the ingredients of plant food than bone meal . It should be applied as early in the season after the frost is out of the ground as possible . About half a ton to the acre makes a dressing that will prove valuable two or three years . We have used it to advantage in the growing of potatoes , peas , beets , etc . We sow it with the seed in the drill or hill , and in the culture of melons we have found it better than the best manures .
L. B.- (Oak Creek, Wis.) Bones, although highly useful, are not absolutely essential to a good vine border. When broken, they serve the two-fold purpose of assisting drainage, and promoting fertility. They arc much more effective when ground, and still more so, if dissolved by sulphuric acid. They are chiefly valuable for their phosphate of lime, which may be also applied in the form of guano, which contains a large portion of the phosphate. The addition of a moderate quantity of lime, leached ashes, and gypsum, are useful. These, and the guano especially, should be well mxied with the earth, turf, and other materials. Stable manure should form the chief fertilizing ingredient in every vine border - we have known some excellent graperies where this constituted nearly all the manure.
The tree is of moderate vigor, and apparently very productive. Fruit - middle-sized, roundish, or rather Bergamot-shaped, measuring two and one-third inches from base to top, and two and three-fourths inches across. Stalk slender, and about an inch in length. Skin - light green, glossy, irregularly sprinkled with small brown dots. Flesh - white, crisp, juicy, sugary, and perfumed. Season - end of September. This sort was found by M. Jacques Jalais, gardener at Nantes, in the wood of La Chapelle-sur-Erdre, near Nantes, in 1845.
James Taplin, of South Amboy, N. J., writes the Florist and Pomologist respect-ing the decorative value of the Bouvardia. "A few plants of B. Vreelandii would scent a large conservatory at night with the most delicate and pleasant of perfumes. We have another sport from B. Hogarth, called The Bride, which, as regards size, shape of flowers and habit of growth, is the same as Vreelandii, but the color is a beautiful satin rose. I can only compare it to the color in Tea Rose, La France. A few plants of B. jasminoides, treated as shrubs planted in a greenhouse, will give an abundance of flowers at all times."