This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
These are often wasted on walks, or left to accumulate for years in unsightly heaps. They are not without some value to the soil, and should find their way to the compost heap rather than be wasted. A correspondent suggests the following use for them: "As coal ashes contain but little of stimulating matter as a manure, it is scarcely considered worth the hauling for that purpose; but applied at the bottom of a grape-vine border, or below the roots of fruit trees, as a layer, for the purpose of drainage, it pays for the trouble. Where small stone, oyster-shells, etc., can not be easily procured, the coal ashes will answer fully as well, or better even, as my slight experience has proved." - A. K.
That coal loses considerably in value by exposure to the weather has long been known by practical men, but few probably would suppose that the heating power of bituminous coal is sometimes diminished forty-seven per cent, from that cause, ten per cent, being the loss in the same coal under cover; anthracite suffers less from the exposure, but enough to render it economical under most circumstances to keep it sheltered.
A new and white-flowering variety of this beautiful climbing plant.
A Kitchen Gardner, (Jersey City.) The following is given as an excellent
The annual export of this article from Mexico alone is equal to two millions and a half of dollars. As this little coccus feeds upon a plant, cactus coccinellifer, it affords an additional item of the value of vegetable productions. The insect has the power of extracting the juices and converting them, by a chemical process, into the richest scarlet dye; but it is not so generally known that the fruits of the Nopals secrete the same color, and excellent cochineal has of late been obtained from the fruit, as well as from the insect, from the East Indies.
I have often been in doubt which to choose, whether this, Delicate, Caroline, or Hoadley; but as Coe's Transparent is more generally tested, it is perhaps safest to advise it. Delicate and Caroline, however, surpass it in real delicacy for the table, while Hoadley is almost its counterpart. The tree is rather spreading, round-headed in habit, of moderately rapid growth, comes early to maturity, and bears abundantly a fruit of medium size, light amber yellow, beautifully mottled with bright clear red, juicy, sweet, tender, rich, and delicious.
This is the plant known as C. BictonenBis. It is a singular shrub, half hardy or hardy in the most favored localities, producing creamy-white bell-Bhaped flowers. , The stems consist of thick spine-pointed triangular lobes, in pairs, set alternately in opposite directions. Banda Oriental.
In my neighborhood there are wild berries as large as any of these exhibited here, and very sweet.
Prof. William Sauders, of the Agricultural Bureau, remarked: - Regarding the varieties of the blackberry, I found in going through one meadow in Maryland, four distinct varieties; if anything, more distinct than any of those now in cultivation, and equally as good. It is wrong to confine ourselves to one variety. Persons have different tastes; then, too, they ripen at different times; and again, one might prove a failure. They do not do well on rich soil; the vines grow so luxuriantly that the wood does not ripen. In one case where they grew on the sod large crops were gathered. One gentleman planted in rich soil 48 Lawtons, training up two canes to a stake; the next year he had twelve bushels of fruit, but after that he did not obtain good crops. We have a great deal to contend with from unripened wood.