This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The Gardener's Monthly says no one who has not tried it, can have any idea of the luxurious growth of a cucumber, when trained on a stake, which has a set of stubby side-branches left along its length; and the crop on some the writer saw so trained was enormous. By this plan the vines occupy less ground, and it is the natural habit of the cucumber to climb instead of trailing on the ground. This is a hint worth remembering, especially by those who have small gardens.
One of our correspondents writes us that, "having about two acres of bearing chestnut trees, he has observed that such trees as were in the cultivated portion of the lot bear regularly and abundantly, but those in sod bear only occasionally, and then not as large fruit or in such quantities." During our residence in the State of Wisconsin, some years since, an intelligent farmer called our attention to several hickory trees, standing in his cornfield, which he stated had for several seasons borne a large crop of nuts, while others standing in the adjacent "opening" produced few or none. The evidence was before our eyes in an abundance of nuts on those trees under cultivation, while the others were almost entirely barren. We should like to ask other owners of nut-bearing trees if they have ever observed the same results. - Ed.
A correspondent of the Farmers' Union, Minn., says: "Some three years ago I set out a few blueberry bushes in my garden. They have brought forth fruit ever since, are exceedingly hardy and bid fair to be a success. Why not raise them in all the gardens ? They were taken up and transplanted with the sod on their roots".
2. Which are the most profitable varieties for an orchard of 1,000 trees?
One of the most important of all farming operations is the cultivation of the several kinds of grasses for hay and pasture; for when the farm can be made to grow any or all the improved kinds of grasses well, any other crop, grains or vegetables, will grow well. We intend to say something of a few of the most important of the cultivated grasses.
The South says: We understand that a company has been formed for the cultivation of tropical fruit, and is in treaty for a tract of 640 acres of land at Biscayne Bay, at the southeastern extremity of Florida. This tract was a military post during the Florida war, and has growing upon it a large number of fruit trees, viz.: Banana, Plantain, Cocoa-nut, Orange, Lime, Lemon, Bread-fruit, Date, Guava, Mango, and others too numerous to mention. The capital of the company will be $10,000, $7,000 of which is already subscribed. Frost never reaches this place, the climate is delightful, winter or summer, and perfectly healthy.
The soil in the beds should not be too rich; if the plants grow rampant, they do not flower so finely or freely. Good strong loam, mixed with a little sand, and rotted cow manure is all that is required. The most pleasing and brilliant effect is produced by planting in masses or separate beds, using only one kind for each bed; this set off by a neat edging of sweet Alyssum, Cuphea platycentra (kept trimmed close), or Lobelia ramoicides. An occasional watering with liquid manure during the summer will prove of benefit.