This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Westcott, Duchess of Berry, Summer Calebasse.
DUCHESSE DE BERRY D'ETE.
"My situation is as follows: I am engaged," says the witty clergyman, " in agriculture, without the slightest knowledge of the art; I am building a house without an architect ; and educating a son without patience! Nothing short of my sincere affection for Jeffrey, and pity for his transatlantic loves, should have induced me to draw my goose-quill".
There are about ten species of Salix from Oregon and the Rocky Mountains described, and two or three of them figured, in Nuttall's North American Sylva, which remain unknown to Prof. Anderson; - all or most of them he may be able to identify, when the volume reaches him with species enumerated in this synopsis.
Recent estimates, by the Peninsula Fruit Growers' Association, of Delaware, place the figures at 2,300,000 baskets, a falling off of over twenty-five per cent on crop of 1872. The crop marketed last year was nearly 3,500,000 baskets.
We can indorse all that is said concerning flavor. The variety deserves examination.
"I enjoy the Horticulturist, but am stupid to learn how to treat my pear-trees. The most flourishing are those I trimmed most carefully, and have not even a bud, and those I let alone bloom profusely, and then grow, instead of producing fruit".
Try the experiment of root pruning, or occasional removals.
No. 1 exhibited the greatest number of large melons; 2 and 3 were the earliest to offer ripe fruit; 5 the latest; 2 produced melons grouped in beautiful clusters, more numerous for the space covered than the others; 3 and 4 gave larger samples than the others.
The Ruralist says: "Towards the latter part of summer, if your plants show signs of giving out, give them a moderate pruning, and mulch them to the depth of two inches with spent hops. This mulching process will be very beneficial if commenced early in the season, especially when there is prospect of dry weather. In getting up a collection confine yourself to a limited number of varieties, let these be the very best. Ball of Fire, Pink Gem, Radiant, King of Whites, Venus, Gigantic Celestial Blue, Scarlet Circle, William Dean, Sunbeam and Saladesi, the latter really superb".
William Watson Brenham, Washington county, Texas, writes us: "Nearly all the summer and early fall apples do well here, and for winter, Ben Davis, Rawles Jan-nette, Shockley, Romanite, Equenetell (or as you call it, Buckingham), are fine here. Nickajack is also good.
As for pears, 1 think this promises to be our best fruit - more certain than the peach. I have never seen any disease on either the pear or the apple here, during a residence of fourteen years. Dwarf pears do best with me. I have planted 1,000 dwarf trees in my own orchard, and only 100 Standards, Bartlett, Clapp's Favorite, Duchess d'Angouleme, Flemish Beauty, Boussock, Howell, Onondaga, Beurre d'Amalis, Seckel, all do fine here.