This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
This is a new variety found in Fairport, N. T., by E. E. Lord, Newark, Wayne county, and by him introduced to notice. The plant is vigorous and very productive, equaling in this respect any of the Black Gap family. The fruit is sweet and juicy, and quite as large, as grown upon Mr. Lord's grounds, as any of its class. It has more bloom on it, is firmer in flesh, and will bear carriage better to a distance, judging from what I saw of the plantation a few days since, which did not appear to have had any extra cultivation. I would think it a profitable market variety, if it succeeds as well in other soils and localities as it does with Mr. Lord. - Charles Downing, in American Rural Home.
The above-named grape was sent me from the south bank of Lake Ontario. The berries which I sent you were but a small part of a cluster; the whole would have weighed over a pound. It has been but very little disseminated as yet, and so pleased me that I secured the whole stock. Bunch, large; berry, the largest probably of any grape in the world, some berries measuring a quarter of an inch in diameter; quite round, black, thin skin, buttery; quality, good, but not very sweet; said to be a good bearer, a strong grower, and hardy. My vine grew very well the past summer, and showed no signs of mildew, and ripened its wood well. The original vine is supposed to be fifteen years old, and in possession of a man who could not be persuaded to give away a single cutting, until by a little 6trategem and $1 50 per cutting, a few were obtained, from which the present stock has been grown. I send an amateur's woodcut. S. Miller.
Mr. IIovey says that Downing considered that" Mulching tan with Strawberries" I was the sine qua non of the culture of this fruit, and did not fail to recommend it on all occasions. Mr. Hovey has evidently overtasked his mental faculties on this Strawberry business, and worked himself into a very precarious condition.
The fruit from which our frontispiece was drawn, was raised by Jonathan Wood, of.
For the best collection of Oranges grown in open air, Premium, the Society's Silver Medal.
In this country orange flowers are worn by a bride on the occasion of her wedding, simply as a fragrant ornament to lend still farther grace and beauty to the fair being who is about to give herself away for life. In the interior of France, however, these orange flowers are worn as a testimonial of purity, not only of the bride herself, but of integrity and morality in the character of her relatives. In certain provinces its adornment is considered as a sacred right, obtained by undoubted character, and as such proudly maintained.
The sweet orange has been cultivated in Florida almost from the first settlement of the country by the Spaniards, in the sixteenth century, but has not till lately become a prominent interest. The earliest groves were at St. Augustine - our "Ancient City" - and constituted for a long time almost the only source of income possessed by the inhabitants. In February, 1835, the "great frost," as it is called, killed every tree to the roots; and not only every orange-tree but every fruit-tree of all kinds in East Florida north of the twenty-ninth parallel of latitude.
Groves subsequently planted at St. Augustine and elsewhere were attacked by the scale insect (Coccus Hesperidum), and most of them rendered worthless.