This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
There are few of the true pines which are admissible in a small garden or in a group of evergreens such as I have proposed. Mugho Pine (Pinus Mugho), from the mountains of Central Europe, may, however, be introduced as a dwarf, although an occasional specimen will assume the tree form, instead of remaining a dwarf shrub. A handsome specimen in my garden, fifteen years old, is only about two feet high and four in diameter. If a plant inclines to grow too tall, it may be kept down by cutting off the leading shoots. Another variety, called the "Knee Pine," never grows on its native mountains (the Alps) more than three feet high.
A. splendid tree, 35-45 yards high, with long flexible branches; the leaves fine, five in a sheath, six inches long, glaucous; cones very large, 14 inches long, 5 inches in diameter. A Pine of the Weymouth section. Mexico. 8-9000 feet elevation. M. Roezl. Several other new Pines have been introduced from the same source, but there are strong doubts of their distinctness.
A distinct species of the Weymouth section; the leaves in fives, slender, 2-4 inches long; the cones a foot long. P. Durangensis seems to be a smaller state of the same plant. Mexico.
Botanically speaking, this Pine is closely allied to the White Pine of the States (Pinus Strobus); it is, however, much the most beautiful tree, has longer and more graceful foliage, and more glaucus. It is also a rapid grower, and perfectly hardy. This magnificent tree I consider the best of the really hardy Pines.
Though I have grown and seen thousands of this species, I have not yet seen one fair specimen. It is very slow in growth, and though perfectly hardy in Britain, it refuses to grow freely like the other Himalayan Pines. In the Middle and Northern States it will no doubt prove hardy, and I think succeed better than in the moist atmosphere of Britain. Major E. Madden says: "When young and on tolerable soil, it grows in a conical form, pretty much in the habit of P. longifolia, to the height of about 54 feet, furnished with numerous horizontal branches nearly to the ground; but in the situations which it best loves, rocks and bleak, riven crags, the boughs become excessively crooked, and are twisted in every direction." Capt. A. Gerard found it as high as 12,300, but adds: "This locality, near Soongnum, is, no doubt, its extreme limit: the usual range lies between 5,500 and 10,800 feet. It is generally associated with Cedru8 deodara".
A companion to the last-named species, introduced by the same gentleman, from the same locality. It is a remarkably handsome species, possessing the longest foliage of any of the tribe yet brought to this country. It attains about the same height as its predecessor. It is called "Ocote hembra," or female Pine, by the natives. The leaves are produced in fives, are sixteen inches in length, not so robust as in P. Grenvilleae, and of a light green. The cones are pendulous, generally solitary, from four to five inches in length, and one inch and a half at the base; they are slightly curved, and regularly tapering. It is named in compliment to Mr. Gordon, of the Horticultural Society's Garden. It is quite hardy, and is a splendid species, the long slender foliage rendering it an attractive object. - Ibid.