This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Mr. Cannell, the great Fuchsia grower, says: " When the seed pods are thoroughly ripened, partly dry them in the sun, after which cut them in halves and quarters with a moderately sharp knife, and minutely examine each part; the old self-colored varieties produce seed very freely, but the choice kinds very sparingly, particularly the light varieties. An abundance of hollow seed will be found, but good plump seed is about half the size of that of the Pansy, and is easily distinguished and picked out."
One of our correspondents writes, he is having a cultivator made, with the edge of the teeth made notched like the teeth or knives of a mowing machine, except that they are sharpened all from the under side. By this, he says, he feels confident he can always be sure of cutting all the weeds without regard to their size, an item that ordinary cultivators fail to perform.
A beautiful hardy perennial, with large broad, rounded obovate leaves, and scapes six or eight inches high, supporting a dense branched subcorymbose panicle of drooping flowers of a deep red purple. Sikkim Himalaya.
A same correspondent of The Rural New Yorker says:
Among my perennials none are more satisfactory than the varieties of Saxifragra, with their broad leaves and large compact clusters of bright pink or red flowers showing in great profusion all during the months of April and May. In a little piece of rock work, where much of the planting is vines, etc., that do not leaf or flower until late, these Saxifragra plants make a most capital effect. I wonder they are not more commonly used.
P. B., (Watervliet.) Take them up before frost and set them in long shallow boxes. Keep them moderately dry all winter so as to encourage growth as little as possible, and they will bloom far more abundantly in the beds next season, than if kept growing in the green-house. A warm cellar will carry them through the winter safely, if you have plenty of light in it.
The Horticulturist notices a double flowering Horse Chestnut, grown by Mr. Rivers in England, and which will probably soon be introduced into this country. Can the editor of the Horticulturist give us an account of the scarlet flowering horse chestnut grown in Newark, N. J., and the best manner of propagating, and whether trees can be obtained? Can this variety be engrafted successfully upon the common chestnut?
The true scarlet Horse Chestnut is rare in this country - we know of no large specimens except in Philadelphia. Mr. Buist of that city and Messrs. Parsons of Flushing, L. I., we think have it for sale. It is propagated by whip or splice grafting on the common horse chestnut. Ed.
Very large, frequently 1 1/2 and more inches in diameter; form, peculiar, being compressed from the calyx to apex; color, dark scarlet, with lighter shade on unexposed side; flesh, remarkably solid and heavy; flavor, fine; very productive.