This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
When the stock and cion are nearly of the same size, splice grafting is the most convenient and certain method known. The stock is cut off with an upward slope, making the exposed wood perfectly smooth; a cion of two to four inches long is cut off with the same slope as the stock, and fitted to it, being careful to have the wood and bark on one side fit exactly.
Tongue grafting differs from the above only in one point, viz., a small cleft or split is made in the stock and cion, about midway on the slope, forming a tongue on both; these are then inserted, one into the other, which will hold the cion firmly in its place. Fig. 15 shows the operation as completed - e, the stock; b, the cion; a, bud on cion - the union being formed by what sometimes is termed a tongued splice.
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One of the prettiest objects I ever beheld is a spruce cone filled with sand and grass seed, which sprouted and grew out of the scales. It is now as large as a cocoanut with the husk on, and of the most vivid green color. The grass grows with a luxuriance that is remarkable. To produce this charming specimen, the cone was baked in an oven till the scales opened out equally. It was then carefully filled with equal parts of sand and grass seed, a string tied to the tuft, and the whole suspended in the dark in a jar with water enough to come half way over the cone. In a week it was placed in the sunlight, when the seeds sprouted rapidly, and in a month filled a gallon jar completely. It has been taken out and hung in the window exposed to the air of the room. Every morning it is thoroughly soaked in tepid water. - Tribune.
We wish to remind our friends who are growing squashes, and are troubled with the bug destroying the vines, that we have been for two years successful in keeping their injury within decent bounds by simply covering the vines with earth up to near the first flowers.
Nursery Trees, with the buds of last year's setting now grown one or more feet, should have the old wood above the junction cut of the bed cleanly away, in order to have it heal over with new bark by the close of the season.
We have saved our melon and squash vines from the injury caused by the squash bug (coreus tristis), by covering the vine with earth half an inch to an inch deep all along from the root to the first flowers.
President, Hon. Calvin T. Hulburd, Brasher; Vice-Presidents, Joseph Whitney, Madrid; George A. Sheldon, Hermon; Reuben Nott, Oswegatchie; Joseph E. Orvis, Massena; Charles N. Conkey, Canton; Alexander J. Dike, Depeyster; Nelson Doolittle, Russell; Joseph E. Durphey, Hopkinton; Secretary, L. E.
B. Winslow, Canton; Treasurer, George C. Bogue, Canton.
President, Wm. Glasgow, Jr. Vice-Presidents, W. C. Woodson, E. Mallinkrodt, John H. Tice. Corresponding Secretary, Carew Sanders. Recording Secretary, John McCurdy. Treasurer, Norman J. Colman.