This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Have you got any new Roses, is the first question put to a nurseryman; if he say no you at once set him down as behindhand; if, on the other hand, he shows you some, how readily do you overlook many blemishes because they are new; you persuade yourself that they must be much better than the older varieties; you buy them, and after, when better and cooller judgment returns, you find that you have foolishly preferred a new to an old face - a fault not confined to Rose growers.
Much pood sense, and sound observation, is embodied in this article. Mr. Young is a close observer, and talks like one who has given nice practice to the development of his theory. Every fruit-grower should carefully examine this paper, and he cannot but receive benefit in its suggestions.
I have read this theory article entire, as published in the New York Herald, and can not bear testimony in favor. I am sure I have seen vines where weeds were abundant as much affected with disease, if disease we may call rot, etc., as those growing on vines kept clean and short-pruned. However, the man who never thinks for himself can never hope to originate or discover cause or remedy; but if he thinks, and thinking produces even most improbable assertions, these assertions sometimes induce thoughts and continuations in others, until out of deep darkness light is born.
An ingenious device for recording variations of temperature at the period of their occurrence is exhibited by Mr. Gauntlett of Middlesboro'-on-Trent, England, the inventor. It consists of a long and thin zinc tube, containing a loose wooden rod - the two are fixed together at one end, and the relatively greater expansion of the zinc on increase of temperature causes the one to protrude in varying degree beyond the other, as the temperature changes. This varying motion is communicated by leverage to a pencil pressing on a revolving cylinder of paper, which is moved by clockwork, and carries off the indications of every successive minute on its surface. The invention receives a silver medal - so does another very ingenious contrivance for whipping cream or eggs, exhibited by Mr. Turner, of 196 Great Dover-street, Borough, London.
In this kind of action, the horse moves the legs in the same order as in trotting; that is, the left hind and right fore feet reach the ground simultaneously, then the right hind and left fore feet. This is the order in which the feet move in racing, and whenever the greatest speed is required. It is called the gallop of two beats.
Apple and Pear trees not tall enough to form heads the second year, should now be pruned to straight stems and cut back to the height desired for heads. Trees of good shape with heads of the proper height, should not be out back in the nursery, excepting the Heart and Bigarreau Cherries, and Peaches. Suckers growing from near the roots of the trees should be out away, and in August standard trees intended for sale the following fall or spring, should have all the branches and Sure pruned smoothly off from twelve to eighteen inches from the ground. - Heike's aw to Start a Nursery.