This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
We do not advocate winter pruning, because we think the wound made by the cut at this time more liable to dry, and crack, and open, exposing it to water lodgment, as well as to harden at the edge, more than when performed early in autumn or just as the sap starts in spring. If, however, winter pruning has to be done, the operator should select a time when the temperature, if possible, is above freezing-point, and in the middle of the day, and even then we would never cut away any large or strong limbs at this time.
This is also said to have numerous synonyms; an old, well-known fruit at the South. Flesh yellowish, crisp, tender, very juicy, with a sprightly subacid flavor. "Very good," at least.
The Garden gives the following: "Ordinary buckwheat, grown in a moderately warm greenhouse, and cut like mustard when about two or three inches high, makes a delicious winter salad. It can be grown in pans all the year round without the least trouble, and even when lettuces are plentiful will be found a very desirable addition to the salad bowl."
A correspondent of the Farmer's Home Journal, who keeps one hundred fowls among his apple trees, says they destroy every insect that can injure the fruit, and he thinks they offer the best way of getting our orchards in good bearing condition.
Specimens have been shown us from a subscriber in Central New York, of a seedling from the Seckel pear, but ripening as a winter variety; has a fine quality, though not quite as sweet or sprightly as the Seckel, yet more so than the Lawrence; firm flesh, a good keeper, russety color, brighter and better in this respect than the Seckel, and seems to be a very desirable acquisition. Doubtless there are more Winter Seckels scattered through the United States, yet this is stated to be a genuine seedling, and the fruit is really fine.
Specimens presented by Mr. Brush, who commended it very highly, especially for baking; read Dowining's description. Has been grown by Wm. Merion, near Columbus, for ten or twelve years. Said to have come from Pennsylvania. Mr. Bateham thought it was identical with the Wells Sweeting, of Rochester, N. Y. All agreed that it was a first rate sweet Apple. Recommended for general trial.
Broadwell Sweet was highly commended by Mr. Ernst and others from Cincinnati, near which city it originated. Elliott's description was read, and his commendation seconded. Recommended for general trial.
The majority of carnations at best are but straggling things, growing into such ungainly shapes that they cannot be trained into decent - looking specimens. Preset De Graw, for instance, is a beautiful flower, and fragrant, but the plant is of such slender growth that it cannot stand up; hence the best way to treat it is, to train over a small pot-trellis. But the new white winter-blooming "Maimie" possesses merits that should commend it. Its habit is -neat and compact, stalk stout, stiff and growing erect, blooming abundantly, commencing when small. By pinching out the top shoot, it soon branches and forms a round, well-shaped plant, requiring but a slender stake to hold it up. A stiff wire will answer the purpose very well. Stakes and supports for plants should be out of sight as much as possible. We want to see and admire the plant, not the ornamental pots and trellises. Des Moines, Iowa.