This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Do not forget to prepare a good stock of Caladiums, both for growing in pots for furnishing the greenhouse in summer, and also for planting outside at the end of May. These latter should not be exposed to a very high temperature; it is best to let them start in a moderate heat, for if the plants have a quantity of tender leaves, when planted out, those leaves will be scorched up and the plant have to make a fresh start; on the contrary, those for inside decoration are benefited by a good heat, if early growth is required; these plants are useful to occupy vacancies, when the hardier plants have been removed outside. We have often heard complaints that Caladium bulbs decay in the winter; this is caused by keeping them too wet or cold, or perhaps both; they should be preserved in a temperature of sixty degrees through the winter. We seldom lose one per cent, under these circumstances.
We will give the names of a few of the most desirable and distinct varieties for the benefit of those requiring a small collection. Of course the list could be extended to several times this number, but those we name we would grow ourselves if confined to a small space: No. 1, list for planting outside - Esculentum, Albo-violacca, Wightii, Verschaffeltii, Sede-nii, Alphonse Karr, Bataviense, Chantini, Bicolor majus, Javanicum, Mirabile, Meyerbeer. No. 2, selection of old varieties for pot culture - Alphande, Alphonse Karr, Ama-bile, Argyrites, Baron de Rothschild, Belley-mei, Bicolor majus, Bicolor picturatae, Can-nartii, Dr. Bois Duval, Hubianum, Md. Houl-let, Meyerbeer, Pottshamii Rubronervium, Triomphe de la Exposition, Raulini, Wightii. No. 3, a few selected new varieties - Prince Albert Edward, Maxime Duval, Jules Put-eys, Alfred Bleu, Devinck, Due de Ratibor, and Excellent. We have not, at present, found the yellow varieties, which were much praised in England when sent out, at all satisfactory, being poor growers, and the yellow will not stand the sun. The varieties mentioned are all good growers, and will stand the sun as well in this country as in England. Prince Albert Edward is a grand addition to the white-leaved section, having brilliant crimson veins and also clouded with the same on the white ground. Any old, rough plants of Abutilon Thompsonii should be reserved for planting out; they make a grand show during summer and can be lifted previous to frost. These will be found very useful for cutting large shoots during winter to mix in vases of cut flowers.
Look over large plants of Aloes, Arundo and other plants preserved in cellar, and remove them to lighter quarters at the earliest opportunity; such plants are best planted out early, for if they remain until the weather is warm they often commence to grow, and the growth made under these circumstances is weak, and sure to suffer when removed to light and air.
It is seldom desirable to plant these out before the commencement of June, and there is seldom anything gained by doing so earlier than about the middle of the month. In this latitude the soil is seldom very warm before that time, so that the plants do not commence to root or grow. We have put these plants out in shady places, and also in full sun; and although those in the shade commenced to grow freer at first, we considered those in full sun the best at the end of the season. Even the white-leaved varieties, such as Meverbeer, did not suffer in the least.
We have just received from B. C. Townsend, Esq., specimens of two new varieties of these interesting plants. One is named Caladium Troubetzkii. The leaf is long and narrow; color, dark, velvety green, with the midrib of a dark crimson, prettily feathered; there are also a few crimson spots. It is very pretty. The other is named Caladium Belleymei. The leaf is large, about the shape and size of 0. Chantinii; the color is an exceedingly delicate silvery white, the midrib and veins being dark green; the veins becoming numerous on the margin, and very delicate and hair-like. The margin is green, with a vein running parallel with it all round the leaf At the junction of the petiole and midrib there is a blotch of the most delicate pink. This is one of the most beautiful and striking Caladiums that we have yet seen. They were both originated by Chantin.
In our notice last month of the new Caladiums, it is stated that they were originated by Chantin. Introduced was the word; the forms wept to press without being revised by us. They were introduced into Europe by Chantin; just as they were introduced here by Mr. Buchanan of Astoria.
The broad leaf - blades are of a dark emerald green ground, with a very beautiful rich crimson mid-rib, radiating from the center towards the margin, the intervening leaf-spaces being densely and elegantly spotted with ivory-white.