This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
This is no doubt Nickajack, which is an old apple, and has many synonyms, which arc given below, Mr. Kennedy says: "The Carolina matures for use in March, April, and May, according to season, -and is of a hard, firm flesh, spicy flavor; skin thick, rather sweet, and is only prized for its long keeping qualities, showy appearance, and market value. It is a tree of most magnificent proportions, of an upright spreading growth, and very vigorous. It towers many feet above the Fall Pippin, while the branches spread out in a larger circumference." The young wood of Carolina is reddish white; the New York Pippin is very dark, and a strong, upright grower.
Fruit large, oblate conic, considerably depressed, slightly angular, oblique, often irregular. Skin yellow, shaded, striped, and splashed with crimson and carmine over the whole surface, sometimes having a grayish appearance, as if covered with a thin bloom, and thickly covered with conspicuous large light dots, having a dark center. Stalk, short, in a rather large but not very deep cavity. Calyx closed, or partially open, in a medium, slightly corrugated basin, sometimes smooth. Flesh yellowish, compact, (a heavy fruit,) not very, tender, moderately juicy, with an undecided subacid flavor. Core small and compact. Quality "good," maybe "very good," (the fruit not being sufficiently ripe to decide correctly).
Synonyms of Nickajack, as given me from various persons in Georgia, North Carolina, Alabama, etc.:
Summerour, the original name.
Red Warrior, (erroneously).
Accidental, of Alabama.
Aberdeen, of Miss.
Red Pippin, or Jackson Red, of Ala.
Ruckman, or Winter Rose, of N. C.
Chaltram Pippin, of North Carolina.
Cheatan Pippin, of Alabama.