This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Mr. Editor, - The length of my first article upon the Camellia forbade me to enter upon the merits of the different varieties. Since you, however, think it will make the subject more perfect, I will gladly give your readers a list of the best. 1 have herein named 63 varieties, and hope that I have not failed in my attempt to place before your readers the colors and habit of those varieties, and that they will be enabled to make a selection to suit their own gratification. The varieties are: 1. White - 11 best. 2. Rose-colored - 9 best 3. Red - 18 best 4. White or rose, spotted or striped with red or white - 15 best. 5. Dark or light red, spotted or striped with white - 10 best:
Regular habit; free bloomer; fine. Alba Casoretti. Pure white; imbricated.
Perfect white; imbricated; very good.
Clear white; full; imbricated; good habit.
Pure white; resembles Alba pl.; very fine.
Petals fringed; imbricated; full; excellent.
Regular habit; double.
Very large; imbricated; fine.
Clear white; large; imbricated.
White, with flesh-color tint; imbricated; large.
Rose; edge of petals shaded with a silvery rose.
Fine rose; regular habit; full.
Rose; imbricated; very fine.
Regular habit; very large.
Pale rose; imbricated; very fine.
Pale rose; imbricated; good.
Rose; regular habit; imbricated.
Fine rose; regular habit; imbricated and full.
Poeony-flowered; cherry red; very large. Catharina Longhi. Carmine; regular habit; very large.
Cherry red; very large and full; lower petals often spotted with white; upper ones forming a sphere, and striped with rose; splendid.
Dark red; upper petals occasionally spotted with white.
Carmine; sometimes white; double; very large; imbricated; fine.
Dark red; beautiful habit; infundibular; full and large; very fine.
Anemone-flowered, changing; deep red, with a purple tint; full and very fine.
Deep carmine; nearly imbricated; flower large.
Dark red; double; imbricated.
Beautiful red; imbricated.
Leafs smaller than the other varieties; flowers dark red; upper petals rose; full and fragrant.
Deep red; imbricated; very fine.
Light red; upper petals delicate rose, occasionally spotted with white; at other times rose; very beautiful.
Light red; good habit; full; excellent.
Imbricated; light red; upper petals often striped or spotted with white; large and perfect habit; a free bloomer.
Delicate rose; then darker, passing into violet; lower petals 60 to 70, edged with white; excellent.
Light red or rose; perfect habit; large and full; fine.
Light red, passing into rose; perfect habit; very full; good. 4. Whits or rose, spotted or striped with red or white.
Rose, striped with carmine; very good.
Rose, striped with carmine; imbricated; fine.
White, striped with red; very large; good.
Light red, (deep rose,) striped with purple or crimson; large; fine.
About twenty petals, one inch broad and two long; light red color, some of the petals changing from white to a mixture of red; excellent and very large.
Rose-shaped; delicate white, with numberless rose-colored stripes; full; very fine.
White, spotted with rose; full and fine.
Delicate white, striped with rose; often rose, striped with white; imbricated; very fine.
Blush, striped with white; perfect habit; imbricated; excellent.
Light red, spotted with carmine; partly poeony shaped, partly imbricated; good.
White; sometimes white and carmine; imbricated; very large; fine.
Semi-double; regular habit; white or carmine, mixed with red; very good.
Light red, striped and spotted with carmine; imbricated; very large.
Rose, spotted with white, shaped like Rosa Centifolia.
Delicate rose, bound with white; imbricated. 5. Dark or light red, spotted or striped with white.
Carmine, striped with white; centre whitish; imbricated.
Fine red; striped and spotted with white.
Deep carmine, passing into white towards the edge; irregular habit.
Deep red, spotted and striped with white; imbricated.
Dark purple, bluish, veined, each petal having a white stripe, spotted with red; large and perfect habit; imbricated; about the finest Camellia; excellent.
Deep red, each petal with a white middle stripe; imbricated; very fine.
Cherry red; centre rose striped with white; very good.
Deep red; petals lighter towards the edge, bound with white; large; imbricated.
Deep red, bound with white; then rose with white edging; perfect habit.
Beautiful red, striped with white; very fine.
[We are obliged to Mr. Carmiencke for having perfected his article on the Camellia with a descriptive list of the leading varieties. There are a few which we should have added to it; but it is an excellent one as it is. - Ed].
Few plants are more beautiful in flower and foliage, none more universally admired, and perhaps none more easily managed by the gardener or owner of a greenhouse for their occupation; but as window or family house-room plants, they rarely furnish blooms, and are not de-sirable. A moist humid air is requisite to their perfect blooming, and that is rarely obtained in a living-room.
Any Camellias, in tubs or pots in which the soil is sour and roots poor, may be shaken out after flowering, and repotted into clean pots, with good drainage, and placed in a warm, shady part of the house, to be syringed frequently and kept rather dry at the roots until growing freely; they will usually make good growth and flower well the following season; but as a rule, it is preferable to pot Camellias as soon as the buds are set; but in the case of unhealthy specimens, the season is then lost; any plants grown too large, or out of shape, may be cut in as soon as the flowers are over; in fact, no plant stands cutting better than the Camellia, and it is necessary to use the knife freely when plants are in full vigor.
If any late-blooming Camellias or Azaleas have been allowed to assume a loose, straggling growth, these plants should be cut into shape at once, and remain inside until later in the season. Allow the young shoots to start before shaking out and repotting. In some cases such plants are better potted into smaller sized pots, after reducing the ball of soil carefully, without destroying the roots; and Azaleas in very large pots may have the bail reduced by cutting the sides away until it can be potted in the same size again, with sufficient fresh soil between the roots and pot to give it a fresh start. Sueh plants require keeping at the close end of the house, be frequently syringed and carefully watered, for if it gets too wet or very dry, the plants will be sure to die. In potting all large plants, but especially such fine-rooted things as Azaleas, be careful to make the Boil very firm from the bottom to the top, and leave the soil a trifle higher round the sides of the pot than in the middle. The fresh soil will sink a little, and also be washed away to some extent in the most careful watering; it also turns the water to the old ball full of roots which is sure to get dry first.
Never fill large-sized pots within one or two inches of the surface; this is required to hold water.
Gloxinias will be now growing fast, the early plants commencing to flower. Give them occasionally weak manure water, and shade from bright sun. Later plants will require larger pots. These plants flower finely in a warm greenhouse, if not exposed to drying draughts of air; the flowers also last longer when cut than when grown in a hot, close house. Achimenes, in pots and baskets, will be in full flower. Give abundance of water, and slight shade from full sun. Any late plants which have not been already divided, should be done at once; these will flower much later than the early started ones, often lasting until October.