This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
In several forms it has been announced that the cherry does not succeed in many western localities, and we have been looking out for some experienced person to give the proper directions and information on the subject. Dr. Kirtland has come to the rescue; in a late Ohio Cultivator he contends that it is an established maxim that wherever a chestnut-tree has grown, the cherry and the peach will thrive; he thinks that if some of the Cincinnatians would enter upon the cultivation of the cherry with half the seal and devotion that hundreds are doing with their vineyards, means would be devised for overcoming the obstacles. They have almost all kinds of soils, exposures, and elevations. On the prairies permanent walls of suitable height would be found a comfort and advantage to every householder, and with this protection, and trenching, and under-draining, with deep borders of soil adapted to the wants of the cherry-tree, he thinks they might possess this beautiful fruit. The walls may be cheaply constructed of limestone, sand, and gravel, according to the directions of Fowler's book. Shelter is gradually becoming known as one of the greatest appliances of cultivation.
All are convinced that under-drainage is all but essential to fruit culture - with that and shelter we firmly believe fruit can be grown everywhere to advantage.
The new Fart, the fifth of the splendid Flora of Tasmania, by J. D. Hooker, M. D., F. R. S. (4to. London), completes volume one, terminating with Conifers. The second volume will include Endogens and flowerless plants. It is impossible to conceive anything more admirable than the plates, especially those of the singular genus Richea, and of the curious Tas-manian Conifers, to which alone, including Casuarina, five plates crowded with details are devoted. The letter-press is, as usual, rich in botanical criticism and elaborate researches into structure and affinity. Works like this will place Australia in a better scientific position than even the mother country.
The Victoria Pear is so highly eulogised in the Gardener's Chronicle as to make it an object to test it here. That periodical says: " It stands in the highest class, the flesh being perfectly melting to the core. We understand, moreover, that it is a very great bearer, it having been necessary to prop up the original tree, in order to prevent the branches breaking under the weight of their crop. Its habit is thorny and very robust. Its season in ordinary years is February".
Mr. Editor, if we could but reduce the Rose lists! Here are twelve good ones which will suit most: General Jacqueminot, Prince Lion, Lord Raglan, Geant, Baron Prevost, Bourbon Queen, Paul Joseph, Gloire de Dijon, Dupetit Thouars, Auguste Mie, Souvenir de Malmaison, and William Griffiths. These are free flowerers, hardy, and first rate, and of different colors. Rosa Malheur.
P. S. Why don't you tell your parish of the most beautiful yellow rose extant? It is very scarce, but where is such a rose for the garden or greenhouse as the inimitable yellow Viscomtesse de Cases? R. M.
[There is scarcely a better, but the gardeners won't let it be much known because it is so scarce. We were about to recommend it, but Rosa has forestalled us. It is a delicate grower, with a deep orange colored centre, and very superb. - Ed ]
It is to be regretted that Sir William Hooker's very useful Journal of Botany has ceased to appear. Under one form or another, the learned author's scientific correspondence has been given to the public ever since the year 1827, and the loss of it will be felt too soon. Nor, indeed, with the exception of the Journal of the Linnaean Society, and Taylor's Annals of Natural History, does there now remain any English medium through which short papers on systematical botany can be communicated to the public.
Mr. Sowerby's Grasses of Great Britain continue to appear with regularity. Part Third contains figures of Phalaris arundinacea, Ammophila arundinacea, and three Phleums. The letter-press fully justifies the favorable account formerly given of it.
Prop. Ettinghausen has communicated to the Imperial Aeademy of Sciences of Vienna, a paper on the "Nervation of the Leaves of Celastraceous Plants." In this memoir, the learned author enters minutely into the distribution of veins in leaves, reducing them to certain typical forms, thus applying his principles to a practical purpose. Ten beautifully nature-printed plates of leaves, and many wood-cuts prepared by the same ingenious process, accompany the memoir.
Close upon the number of the Flore des Serres for April appears that for May; so that the writer is making up his arrears. The new number contains several excellently drawn florist's flowers belonging to the Rose, the Tree Carnation, Early Tulips, and Hyacinths, together with a representation of the seed-vessel of a Bootan Rhododendron called macro-carpum, measuring three inches in length. The editor exclaims, What then will the flower be?