This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Mr. Buist informs us that this tree, which has been twice noticed in our pages, as not being hardy about New-York, is perfectly hardy at Philadelphia, and has ripened seeds there. We have seen a specimen lately in the grounds at Wodenethe, the seat of our neighbor H. W. Sargent. Esq., which has stood the past winter quite uninjured, and is now very healthy. It is not improbable that grafted upon some of our native Junipers, the Cryptomeria may prove entirely hardy.
Plants unprotected, looking greener than those protected.
Cryptomeria Japonica - iVana, hardier than preceding.
Cryptomeria Japonica Viridis, ditto.
Cephalotaxus Fortuni, Male and Female, have gone through the winter beautifully, with only a few leaves round them. These trees, and the Libro cedrus, are the very greatest acquisition of last year, I believe, of the newer things. - Saxe Gotha Conspicua, and Fitzroya Patagonica, will prove hardy; perhaps Pordocarpus Taxifolia.
Well may this be called the prince of Evergreens, such is its beauty and extreme gracefulness. It has no superior, and I question much if it has an equal in the whole range of hardy Evergreens! Don't be startled, reader. I except none 1 No, not even the beautiful Hemlock, the handsome Norway Spruce, or the graceful Deodara I Where is the person who ever read Mr. Fortune's description of this beautiful tree in the northern provinces of China, and did not wish for the time when we should have such specimens among us? yes, when it should be scattered broadly and widely over the country as our commonest Evergreen, the Hemlock or Norway Spruce; and I risk nothing in saying that, before many years, it will be planted more extensively than any other. Some suppose it to be rather tender, for the reason that many young plants are annually destroyed; plants that have grown vigorously and very late, with watery shoots, are and will be killed. I have lost some of this description, the past winter, myself. I have seen such plants injured by the early frosts of October. In this city, are some three or four specimens of this plant, which have been planted about five years; they are now of considerable height.
The past severe winter, they received not the slightest protection, though in very exposed situations, and where the thermometer must have been from ten to twelve degrees below zero; yet, not a branch nor a leaf was injured by cold, and, when the winter was over, no Evergreen looked better, not excepting the Hemlock or the Norway. How comes it that these plants have done so well? Why, simply from the fact that the wood is well-matured every autumn - that great requisite in fruit-trees, and quite as much in Evergreens. The part of China from whence this comes, has a climate as severe in winter as our Northern States; indeed, it is well-known that the climate of China more nearly resembles that of the United States than any other, and plants from that country do much better here than in Europe (such as Salisburia, Wigelia, Forsythia, Wistaria, Magnolia, and many others), and why not our beautiful Cryptomeria.