This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
There are many miniature trees, which typify their more gigan-tic brethren of the forest, that may be introduced with advantage to grounds of limited extent, and which, after many years' growth, arrive at only a few feet elevation. Of elms, there is Ulmus viminalis; maples, Acer cretieum; beech, Betula nana; alder, Alnus glutinosa oxycanthaefolia; chestnut, Paviaflava; besides which are others less known, as Tilia lariniata, Pterocarpa Oauoasica (a type of the walnut), with several dwarf oaks, the neatest being Quercus Ilex cpccifera and Quercus ilicifolia; Buxus baharioa makes a pretty tree in sheltered situations; Caragana Chamlagu is a very graceful tree - the foliage a bright, handsome green, which, with the pretty blossoms, produce a handsome effect; Robinia hispida, when worked on a short stem, is unrivalled for beauty. Small evergreen trees, of great value for ornament, may be made of Juniperus recurva and squamata. There are not many pinuses suitable for the purpose, aa the majority are too tall and rapid in their growth, but. perhaps Pinus cembra (which is a handsome species, and of very slow growth), may be admitted,and the singular Araucaria imbricata is many years in attaining an objectionable height.