This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Not early. Desirable only for variety.
Besides, I have the De Planchary, Late Duke, Latest Duke, Royal Duke, Archduke, Ramsey's Late Duke, which are desirable only for variety.
Several of my varieties have not as yet fruited, so as to enable me to speak of their merits.
[Mr. Manning has a large and fine collection of Cherries. Some of the names, however, we regard as synonyms. There seems to be a great unanimity of opinion among growers in regard to the quality and value of such kinds as Gov. Wood, Elton, Black Tartarian, Belle de Choisy, and others. We suppose that some of our readers will not agree with Mr. Manning in his estimate of the value of the Mahaleb as a stock; not because the Mazzard is not most valuable in his locality, but because the Mahaleb, as a general thing, is found to accomplish very well the purpose for which it is used; that is to say, for dwarfing and early fruiting. Mazzard stocks are best for the orchard. There are many of our readers who might do the public good service by giving, like Mr. Manning, the results of their experience in the culture of the Cherry. - Ed].
Under this name I have an old European sort which it seems difficult to identify. In Illinois and other Western sections, some of our best pomol-ogists regard the Early May there grown as identical with the description by myself of Early Richmond, while I am myself in doubt whether the Early May of the West is not the same as one imported by me some years since under name of Donna Maria. I regret that I can not give a drawing of Donna Maria from the fruit, as then it, perhaps, might help to settle the matter. As it is, I can only give a description taken from my book, while I give a drawing of Early Richmond, and description from the fruit before me. The tree is a free grower, spreading and drooping in habit. Spray abundant. Leaf, a dark, rich, shining green, broad oval, acute pointed at apex; serratures regular - nearly every other one is deepest; petioles, medium length, green; fruit, of medium size, borne in pairs, round, bright, rich, clear red, becoming darker as it hangs on the tree. Although it is fit to gather in June, it will often hang on until the middle of July. The stone adheres strongly to the stem, so that the fruit may be easily stripped therefrom, and the corolla almost always remains on the stem, thus marking it.
The flesh is of a reddish cast, very juicy and tender, and to many persons' taste a pleasant acid. The stem is set in a deep round basin, very regular.
Donna Maria - "A Morello, forming a small tree, but very prolific. Fruit of medium size, dark red, tender, juicy, rich, acid, valuable for cooking." My tree of this was injured, and the fruit this year quite imperfect, so much so that I do not feel like making drawing or new description from it. I hope at the Pomological Meeting to be held in St. Louis this September, that the Cherry subject will come up, and receive more attention than it has at the past two meetings.
Fig. 161. - Early Richmond.