This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The movement by the New York Agricultural Society, in offering a premium for essays on the cultivation and domestication of fish, we have already designated as it deserves. The subject is not only discussed in intelligent circles, but practice has already demonstrated its importance. It is a matter of surprise that any people should starve in immediate proximity to a sea swarming with food. It will soon be equally wonderful that any farmer having a stream capable of rearing fish should allow such a source of wealth to run to waste. Things go round in cycles; in ancient times the Romans cultivated fish at great cost, if only as a delicacy. Lucullus had a mountain pierced near Naples, to admit the sea into his preserves, and expended more money upon it than upon his whole villa. Another who possessed a villa, otherwise of very humble pretensions, had preserves for fish of such a size, that he sent six thousand to Julius Caesar on the occasion of his triumphal banquets. These refined ancients also cultivated dormice for the table. Varro gives an account of a preserve for dormice which was to be paved, to prevent the animals from escaping, and to have within the inclosure oaks to supply them with acorns.
But when the mice were to be fattened for the table, they were kept in the dark in stone jars, and fed on acorns, walnuts, and chestnuts. Who speaks first to resuscitate a dormieery? which, after all, may be about as reasonable as a dark hutch for rabbits. Preserves for sea-snails or periwinkles were popular before the civil war between Caesar and Pompey. Shell fish were fattened with a mixture of boiled wine, meal, and other substances, so that they became quite an article of luxury; they increased the size by breeding, so that the shell of a single animal could contain as much as fifteen quarts. One of the large pinnae are doubtless here indicated.
The Vine Mildew having made its appearance in one of my houses, I tried the following plan of curing it: Having shut the house quite close, I got four large flower pots, and half filled them with lumps of quick lime; having sprinkled it with water, I strewed a handful of sulphur on each pot, and let it steam up through the Tines till it quite filled the house with steam. On the following morning I opened all the ventilators, and gave the house a good syringing till I quite saturated it. I repeated the same the following day, when I found that the mildew had wholly disappeared. I have also tried the same remedy for red spider in a peach-house, and I soon found it to vanish. If gardeners will use sulphur in this way, they will find no ill effects from it; as soon as they have strewed it on the lime they can leave it till the following morning. - J. James. [An excellent device].