This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The same direction given for field culture of the strawberry is applicable to the small garden, with the exception of the arrangement of the beds; these should be four feet wide, planting three rows in each, placing the plants eighteen inches apart each way; this will leave six inches margin between the outside row and the walk, which should be two feet; this gives three feet between the plants, of parallel beds. This is none too much space between the beds for standing room to gather the fruit; and if different varieties are grown in beds side by side, a less space than three feet would increase the danger of the plants run-ning from one bed to the other. Although no runners should be allowed to grow. all of us will sometimes become careless and neglect to keep them off; and mixing the plants should be guarded against, if any thing like good culture is attempted.
"When pistillate varieties are grown, they should be planted in alternate beds with other sorts, but never plant both kinds together in the same bed. Mulching the beds should be attended to the same as in field culture; and when it is convenient, it is well to remove the mulch after the plants have done fruiting, and fork up or hoe deeply the ground between the plants, and then mulch again.
"All the different operations by which the fruit may be enlarged or the quantity increased, such as watering with pure water, or with liquid manure, guano, sal soda, etc., will suggest themselves to the observing cultivator.
" When a strawberry bed begins to fail, it is best to plant new beds on new soils, and when the old beds are destroyed, the ground on which they were should be planted with some other crop, and not again planted with strawberries for two or three years.